Priority: c, Quality: b

Al-Hasan b. Ali b. Faddal

From WikiShia
(Redirected from Al-Hasan b. 'Ali b. Faddal)
Jump to: navigation, search
Companion of Imam (a)
Al-Hasan b. Ali b. Faddal
Companion of Imam al-Rida (a)
Teknonym Abu Muhammad
Death/Martyrdom 224/839

Al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Faḍḍāl al-Taymulī al-Kūfī (Arabic: حَسَن بن عَلي بن فَضّال التَيمُلي الکُوفي) is a reliable Shi'a narrator and a close companion of Imam al-Rida (a). He had the opportunity to meet Imam al-Kazim (a), as well. Some scholars count him among People of Consensus. At first, he believed in Imamate of 'Abd Allah al-Aftah, the son of Imam al-Sadiq (a); however, before his demise, he repented and believed in the Imamate of Imam al-Rida (a). Although he was initially Fatahi, some scholars of rijal have praised him for his piety and reliability in narration of hadith.

He passed away in 224/839. Several books have been mentioned as his works.

Lineage and Teknonym

Abu Ali al-Hasan b. 'Ali b. Faddal[1] al-Taymuli b. Rabi'a b. Bakr, was a slave freed by Taym Allah b. Tha'laba.[2] He is a member of Banu Faddal family, which is counted as a scholarly Shi'a family. Many members of the family are narrators of hadith.

Banu Faddal believed in Imamate of 'Abd Allah al-Aftah – the son of Imam al-Sadiq (a) – after the demise of Imam al-Sadiq (a); however, they were reliable and trustworthy in their narration. It is narrated that some companions of Imam al-'Askari (a) asked him about the credibility of hadiths narrated by Banu Faddal; Imam answered: "Accept what they have narrated and leave what they believe in."[3]

His teknonym is Abu Muhammad.[4] Some have mentioned Abu Bakr as his teknonym, although it seems that it is confused with "Ibn Bakr" in his lineage.[5]

Status in Rijal

Some scholars of rijal have counted al-Hasan b. Faddal among the People of Consensus.[6] He is praised and admired for his virtues, knowledge, piety, fiqh, and devotion. Describing him, al-Shaykh al-Tusi writes: "al-Hasan b. Faddal has narrated hadith from Imam al-Rida (a) and was counted among the close companions of him. He was a great and high-status person, who was reliable in his narration."[7]

Muhsin al-Amin says, "Although there is a disagreement about the exact time of Ibn Faddal's repentance from his belief in Fatahiyya, his belonging to this sect does not undermine the reliability of his narration and there is no excuse for not accepting the Hadiths that he has narrated, whether it was during his affiliation with Fatahiyya or after it; especially after Imam al-'Askari's (a) order to rely on the hadiths narrated by Banu Faddal."[8]

Narrating a historical report from al-Fadl b. Shadhan about the piety and asceticism of al-Hasan b. Faddal, al-Kashshi has counted him among the reliable narrators.[9]

Masters in Hadith and Narrators

There are more than 297 hadiths narrated by al-Hasan b. Faddal. He has directly narrated from Imam al-Rida (a),[10] and also from other narrators some of which are as follows:

He is among the masters of Hadith of al-Fadl b. Shadhan.[11] Moreover, many narrators have narrated hadith from him.

Works

Rijal sources have mentioned several books as his works as following:

  • Kitab al-salat
  • Kitab al-zakat
  • Kitab al-diyat[13]
  • Kitab al-tafsir
  • Kitab al-ibtida' wa l-mubtada'
  • Kitab al-tibb[14]
  • Kitab al-bisharat
  • Kitab al-rad 'ala l-ghaliya
  • Al-Ziyarat
  • Al-Nawadir
  • Al-Shawahid min kitab Allah
  • Al-Mut'a
  • Al-Nasikh wa l-mansukh
  • Al-Malahim[15]

Demise

Al-Hasan b. Ali b. Faddal passed away in 224/839.[16]

Notes

  1. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 20, p. 216.
  2. Ibn al-Nadīm, al-Fihrist, p. 408.
  3. Ṭūsī, al-Ghayba, p. 390.
  4. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 34.
  5. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 5, p. 206.
  6. Ṭūsī, Ikhtiyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, vol. 2, p. 831-832.
  7. Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist,p. 98.
  8. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 5, p. 208.
  9. Ṭūsī, Ikhtiyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, vol. 2, p. 831-832.
  10. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 50-51.
  11. Ṭūsī, Ikhtiyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, vol. 2, p. 801-802.
  12. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 50-51.
  13. Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, p. 98.
  14. Ibn al-Nadīm, al-Fihrist, p. 408.
  15. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 36.
  16. Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, p. 98.

References

  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1406 AH.
  • Ibn al-Nadīm, Muḥammad b. Isḥāq. Al-Fihrist. Edited by Muḥammad Riḍā Tajaddud. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Amīr Kabīr, 1361 Sh.
  • Khoeī, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Beirut: Dār al-Zahrā, 1409 AH.
  • Kashshī, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-. Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl. Edited by Mahdī Rajāʾī. Qom: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt li-Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, 1404 AH.
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Edited by Muḥyi al-Dīn al-Mamaqānī and Muḥammad Riḍā al-Mamaqānī. Qom: Muʾassisa Āl-i al-Bayt li Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, 1381 Sh.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl al-Najāshī. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Nashr-i Islāmī, 1424 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Ikhtiyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, known as Rijāl Kashshī. Qom: Āl-i al-Bayt, [n.d].
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Fihrist. Nashr al-Fiqāha, 1417 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Ghayba. Edited by ʿIbād Allāh Tihrānī & ʿAlī Aḥmad Nāṣiḥ. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Maʿārif al-Islāmīyya, 1411 AH.

}}