Hammad b. Uthman
|Hammad b. Uthman|
|Companion of||Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a), and Imam al-Rida (a)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Kufa|
|Activities||People of Consensus|
Ḥammād b. ʿUthmān (Arabic: حمّاد بن عثمان) (d. 190/805-6), a Shi'a hadith scholar, narrator, and jurist of the 2nd/8th century. The scholars of rijal regard him as a companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a), and Imam al-Rida (a). He is also one of the People of Consensus, and all scholars agree on his trustworthiness.
As a Hadith Transmitter
The scholars of rijal have regarded Hammad b. 'Uthman al-Nab as one of the People of Consensus, who are regarded by all rijal experts as reliable. Hammad is also praised by such words as erudite (al-fadil), great, and noble.
There is disagreement among scholars as to whether Hammad b. 'Uthman is the name of one and the same hadith transmitter or there were two hadith transmitters with the same name. Many scholars, including al-Khoei, 'Abd Allah al-Mamaqani, and Muhammad Taqi Shushtari, believe that Hammad b. 'Uthman is the name of one hadith transmitter. No matter what position one takes on this issue since there is no unreliable hadith transmitter called Hammad b. 'Uthman, the hadith with the name Hammad b. 'Uthman in its chain of narration would be authentic—if the rest of the transmitters were reliable.
There are about two-thousand hadiths quoted by Hammad b. 'Uthman in Shi'a hadith collections. Most of these hadiths are related to jurisprudence, and many of them have to do with Imamate. Hammad quoted many hadiths from Imam al-Sadiq (a) directly, and about one-hundred hadiths from other hadith transmitters (mostly from 'Ubayd Allah b. 'Ali al-Halabi).
Hammad had a book that contained his hadiths. This book seems to have been extant until the time of al-Sayyid b. Tawus, who calls it an Asl, though it may not have been an Asl in its technical meaning.
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- Etan Kohlberg, A medieval Muslim scholar at work, p. 223.
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- Etan Kohlberg. A medieval Muslim scholar at work: Ibn Tawus and his library. Leiden 1992.
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- Majlisī, Muḥammad Taqī. Rawḍat al-muttaqīn fī sharḥ man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh. Edited by ʿAlīpanāh Ishtihārdī and Ḥusayn Musawī Kermānī. Qom: 1406-1413 AH.
- Mudarrisī Ṭabāṭabāʾī, Ḥusayn. Tradition and survival: a bibliographical Survey of early Shiite literature. volume. 1. Oxford: 2003.
- Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Edited by Muḥyi al-Dīn al-Mamaqānī. Qom: 1423 AH.
- Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Fihrist asmāʾ muṣannifī al-Shīʿa al-mushtahir bi rijāl al-Najāshī. Edited by Mūsā Shubayrī Zanjānī. Qom: 1407 AH.
- Samʿānī, ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Muḥammad. al-. Al-Ansāb. [n.p]. [n.d].
- Shūshtarī, Muḥammad Taqī. Qāmūs al-rijāl. [n.p]. [n.d].
- Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī Iṣfahānī. Tehran: 1415 AH.
- Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Fihrist kutub al-Shīʿa wa uṣūlihim wa asmāʾ al-muṣannifīn wa aṣḥāb al-uṣūl. Edited by ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Ṭabāṭabāʾī. Qom: 1420 AH.