Khalaf b. Hammad

Without priority, Quality: b
From wikishia
Companion of Imam (a)
Khalaf b. Hammad
Full Name Khalaf b. Hammad al-Asadi
Companion of Imam al-Kazim (a)
Place(s) of Residence Kufa

Khalaf b. Ḥammād (Arabic:خَلَف بن حَمّاد) was a Shi'a narrator in the 2nd/8th and 3rd/9th centuries and one of the companions of Imam al-Kazim (a). Except Ibn al-Ghada'iri, other Shi'a scholars of rijal have considered Khalaf reliable. His name is mentioned in the chains of transmitters of about 80 hadiths in the Four Books of Shi'a.

Title

Khalaf was from Kufa[1] and was known as al-Asadi.[2] He is surely different from Abu Salih Khalaf b. Hammad al-Kashshi from whom, Abu 'Amr Muhammad b. 'Umar al-Kashshi has narrated many hadiths.[3]

His Relationship with Imams (a)

Al-Najashi[4] has mentioned Khalaf among those who narrated hadith from Imam al-Kazim (a), while there is also a hadith narrated by him directly from Imam al-Sadiq (a).[5] Strangely, there is no mention of him in rijal books of al-Barqi and al-Tusi among the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a) while he has narrated from both.[6]

Authenticity

Al-Najashi[7] has considered Khalaf reliable, but Ibn al-Ghada'iri[8] has lowered his reliability and thus has considered his narrations acceptable only as supporting evidences. Following al-Najashi's opinion, al-'Allama al-Hilli[9] and Ibn Dawud al-Hilli[10] have mentioned his name in the first part (praised and trusted ones) of their books on rijal and have also mentioned the opinion of Ibn al-Ghada'iri. Thus, Mamaqani[11] inferred that the way of their description would suggest that they did not follow him. Recent and contemporary scholars in rijal have preferred al-Najashi's authentication of Khalaf b. Hammad.[12] The appearance of the hadiths narrated by him[13] suggest that he had a close relationship with Imam al-Kazim (a).[14]

Narrations of Khalaf

The name of Khalaf b. Hammad is mentioned in the chain of transmitters of about eighty narrations in the Four Books of Shi'a[15] which are mostly about jurisprudence.[16] In addition to the narrations Khalaf has narrated directly from Imam al-Kazim (a),[17] he has also narrated hadiths from Imam al-Baqir (a), Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a) from transmitters such as Aban b. Taghlib, Ishaq b. 'Ammar, Hariz b. 'Abd Allah, Rib'i b. 'Abd Allah, 'Abd Allah b. Sanan, 'Abd Allah b. Muskan, Fudayl b. Yasar and Mufaddal b. 'Umar.[18]

Narrators from Him

Great people such as Ibrahim b. Hashim, Hasan b. Ali al-Washsha', Safwan b. Yahya, Ali b. Asbat,Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi, Muhammad b. Sanan and Muhammad b. 'Isa have narrated hadiths from him.[19]

Work

Khalaf b. Hammad had written a book which Muhammad b. Husayn b. Abi Khattab and Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi have referred to.[20]

Notes

  1. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 152.
  2. Ibn Ghaḍāʾirī, Rijāl Ibn Ghaḍāʾirī, p. 56; Ṭūsī, Fihrist kutub al-Shīʿa wa uṣūlihim wa asmāʾ al-muṣannifīn wa aṣḥāb al-uṣūl, p. 176.
  3. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 25, p. 382; Ṭurayḥī, Jāmiʿ al-maqāl, p. 66; Kāzimī, Hidāyat al-muḥaddithīn, p. 56; Kashshī, Rijāl al-Kashshī, p. 16, 156, 217, 456, 553.
  4. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 152.
  5. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 7, p. 188; Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 7, p. 66; Muwaḥḥid Abṭahī, Tahdhīb al-maqāl, vol. 5, p. 397.
  6. Barqī, Kitāb al-maḥāsin, vol. 2, p. 19; Ṭūsī, Tahdhīb al-aḥkām, vol. 1, p. 385.
  7. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 152.
  8. Ibn Ghaḍāʾirī, Rijāl Ibn Ghaḍāʾirī, p. 56-67.
  9. Ḥillī, Khulāṣat al-aqwāl, p. 139.
  10. Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Kitāb al-rijāl, p. 88.
  11. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl, vol. 25,p. 384.
  12. Majlisī, al-Wajīza fī ʿilm al-rijāl, p. 74; Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl, vol. 25, p. 381; Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 7, p. 66; Shūshtarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 4, p. 194.
  13. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, p. 92-94.
  14. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl, vol. 25, p. 382; Muwaḥḥid Abṭahī, Tahdhīb al-maqāl, vol. 5, p. 397.
  15. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 7, p. 63.
  16. Ardabīlī, Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt, p. 297-298.
  17. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 3, p. 92-94; vol. 5, p. 460; Ṭūsī, Tahdhīb al-aḥkām, vol. 1, p. 385.
  18. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 7, p. 66.
  19. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 7, p. 63-64; vol. 7, p. 392-396.
  20. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 176.

References

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  • Barqī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Kitāb al-maḥāsin. Edited by Muḥaddith Armawī. Tehran: 1330 Sh.
  • Ḥillī, al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Khulāṣat al-aqwāl fī maʿrifat al-rijāl. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī Iṣfahānī. Qom: 1417 AH.
  • Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Ḥasan b. 'Alī. Kitāb al-rijāl. Edited by Sayyid Muḥammad Ṣādiq Baḥr al-ʿUlūm. Najaf: 1392 AH-1972.
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