Ayatollah al-Sayyid Muhammad Taqi al-Hahim
|Full Name||Al-Sayyid Muhammad Taqi al-Hakim|
|Well-Known Relatives||Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim (his father)|
|Professors||al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei, His father, al-Sayyid Muhammad Husayn al-Hakim, Shaykh 'Ali Thamir, ...|
|Works||Al-Usul al-'amma li l-fiqh al-muqaran, Al-Ishtrak wa al-taraduf, ...|
|Head of College of Fiqh, member of Jam'iyya Muntada al-Nashr, member of the council (Lajna) of writing of the Mawsu'at al-Fiqh al-Islami, ...|
Al-Sayyid Muḥammad Taqī al-Ḥakīm (Arabic: السید محمدتقی الحکیم) (b.1341/1923 – d.1423/2002) was among contemporary scholars of Tabataba'i Hakim family and a teacher of Najaf seminary. He became the head of the faculty of fiqh in Najaf after Shaykh Muhammad Rida Muzaffar. Al-Usul al-'amma li l-fiqh al-muqaran is his most famous work.
Al-Sayyid Muhammad Taqi was born in 1341/1923 in Najaf. His father, al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id b. Sayyid Husayn was a scholar and a teacher of fiqh and usul who passed away in 1396/1975 in Najaf and had some works in form of marginal notes on references of fiqh and usul.
Al-Sayyid Muhammad Taqi learned logic, rhetoric, fiqh and usul from his father, older brother al-Sayyid Muhammad Husayn al-Hakim, Shaykh 'Ali Thamir, al-Sayyid Yusuf al-Hakim and al-Sayyid Muhammad 'Ali Hakim.
He studied philosophy and history under Shaykh Muhammad Rida Muzaffar and studied higher levels of fiqh and usul under al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim, Shaykh Husayn al-Hilli, al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei and Sayyid Hasan Bujnurdi.
Head of College
He was a member of Jam'iyya Muntada al-Nashr and after Shaykh Muhammad Rida Muzaffar, the first head of the College of fiqh in Najaf passed away, he took the position and taught usul and history as well as comparative fiqh.
He made a lot of efforts in developing this college and asked lecturers of Baghdad University to come to the College of fiqh and teach history, sociology and psychology. He himself also began teaching comparative usul in Baghdad University from 1964 and also wrote many articles in journals such as Najaf wa al-Iman.
His Membership in Academic Societies
Al-Sayyid Muhammad Taqi was a member of many academic societies in Iraq and other Arab countries and participated in different academic conferences in other countries and gave speech in them. He had a close relationship with teachers of al-Azhar University and visited them many times, reports of which are published in articles under the title of Ahadith-u min al-Qahira in the journal al-Iman.
Supervisor of Thesis
Al-Sayyid Muhammad Taqi helped one of the PhD students of al-Azhar University in his thesis in [[usul] with the title of Dalil al-'Aql 'Ind al-Shi'a al-Imamiyya and wrote a preface on it for publication. In that preface, he insisted on the necessity of the proximity of Islamic sects.
Member of Da'irat al-Ma'arif Council
He was a member of the council (Lajna) of writing of the Mawsu'at al-Fiqh al-Islami [the Encyclopedia of Islamic Fiqh]. The purpose of writing this encyclopedia was to record and present jurisprudential rulings of Islamic sects without any change, modification or prioritizing.
Al-Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Tababtaba'i al-Hakim had many works some of which are,
- Al-Usul al-'amma li l-fiqh al-muqaran (Beirut, 1963)
- Al-Ishtrak wa al-taraduf (Baghdad, 1965)
- Qissat al-taqrib bayn al-madhahib al-Islamiyya (Kuwait, 1978)
- Sunnat Ahl al-Bayt (a) (Kuwait, 1978)
- Manahij al-bahth fi al-tarikh (Kuwait, 1978)
- Malik al-Ashtar (Najaf, 1946)
Al-Usul al-'amma li l-fiqh al-muqaran is his most famous work. This book covers comparative issues of the principles of fiqh which al-Sayyid Muhammad Taqi al-Hakim taught as the Entry to Comparative Fiqh for students of years three and Four of the college of fiqh and was published in Beirut after some revisions by him with the title of al-Usul al-'amma li l-fiqh al-mutaqarin in 1963.
His Capture and Demise
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سید محمدتقی حکیم in Farsi Wikishia.