Al-Bayda'

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This article is about a place called al-Bayda'. For the incident of Sufyani's army sinking in this place, see Al-Khasf bi-l-Bayda.

Al-Baydāʾ (Arabic: البَیداء) or Dhāt al-Jaysh (Arabic: ذات‌ُالجَیش) is a place between Mecca and Medina where Sufyani’s army will perish in the End Time. According to narrations, Sufyani’s army will go to Mecca to fight with Imam al-Mahdi (a) and will miraculously sink into the ground in this place.

Shia jurists consider praying in this place disliked. Also, according to them, it is better for pilgrims who ride from Medina to Mecca to delay talbiya until they pass al-Bayda'.

The location and significance

In hadiths, al-Bayda' refers to a place between Mecca and Medina. According to Ibn Idris al-Hilli, its distance from Dhu l-Hulayfa Mosque (miqat for the people who come from Medina) is about three farsakhs. The word bayda' literally means a desert where nothing (no water or plants) exists.

It has been mentioned in the chapter regarding the signs of the reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (a) in the books of hadith, and also in the chapters of prayer and hajj in the books of jurisprudence.

Al-Khasf al-Bayda', a sign of reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (a)

Main article: Al-Khasf bi-l-Bayda'

According to narrations, al-Khasf al-Bayda' is one of the signs of the reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (a). It refers to the invasion of Sufyani’s army in the land of al-Bayda', which would go to Mecca to fight with Imam al-Mahdi (a). Therefore, in some hadiths, the land of al-Bayda' is also referred to as Dhat al-Jaysh (the place of the army).

In a narration from Imam al-Baqir (a), it is said that in the last of ages, when the army of Sufyani enters al-Bayda', there will be a call from the sky: O plain! Destroy these people; then, the earth will sink Sufyani’s army and all of them will perish except three people.

Jurisprudential rulings

There are some rulings about al-Bayda' in the books of jurisprudence:

  • Praying there being disliked: based on some hadiths mentioned in jurisprudential sources, it is disliked to pray in al-Bayda'. The jurists consider the reason for this ruling to be the future perishing of the Sufyani army in this place.
  • Delaying talbiya: (saying labbayk) according to the fatwa of some jurists, it is better for a pilgrim who goes to hajj from Medina, to say talbiya (labbayka Allahhumma labbayk, labbayka la sharika laka labbayk, inna l-hamda wa l-ni'mata laka wa l-mulk, la sharika laka labbayk) until they pass al-Bayda'. Some consider this ruling to be specific to pilgrims who ride to hajj. According to the Muhammad Hasan al-Najafi, when a pilgrim’s vehicle reaches al-Bayda', it is recommended that he raises his voice when saying talbiya.

References

  • The material for writing this article is mainly taken from بیداء in Farsi WikiShia.