Jamkaran

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A wide view of Jamkaran village and also Jamkaran Mosque.

Jamkarān (Farsi: جمکران), is a village as distant as 6 km from the central part of the holy city of Qom in which Jamkaran mosque is located.

Word's origin

In Pahlavi Persian, "Karan" means side, end and coast of sea. "Jam" also refers to Jamshid the mythical king of Iran. So this "Jamkaran" could mean the end of Jamshid's territories.[1]

History

Jamkaran village. Jamkaran mosque is also seen in the photo on the background of Du-baradaran Mountain.

In the past, Jamkaran was an important village and therefor its name has been repeated many times in the book, Tarikh-i Qom (4th/10th century). According to Hasan b. Muhammad al-Qummi,[2] Jamkaran was the first village built by Jam[3]. He also believes the idea of attributing of Jamkaran's building to Sulayman b. Dawud (a) is true and he also attributes the building of areas and structures and altars in this village to a person named Jilīn the son of Mākīn.[4]

But what certainly can be said is that based on the instances and existence of historical places around and in Jamkaran, the history of this place goes back to years before the rise of Islam. Some of these ancient places are the mountain of Ghiz-qalasi (also known as Ghiz-qal'i si) and a fort with the same name, Jamkaran Gabri fort (also known as Guli fort) and Qul Darwish ancient hills. The first masque which was built in the 1st/7th century in Qom's zone, was built by al-Khattab b. Asadi in Jamkaran's area. Also al-Ash'ari family whom mostly were Imam 'Ali's (a) companions, were settled in Qom during their migration to Iran.[5]

In the Qajar era's texts the Jamkaran farms and crops have been mentioned.[6]

Population

According to the Iran's general census of population and housing in 1385 sh/2006-7, the population has been 8368 persons (1747 families).[7]

Notes

  1. "Jazibi-ha-yi mazhabi wa tarikhi-yi Qom; Part 2", Rasekhoon, February 15, 2011; Retrieved May 23, 2015 (Farsi)
  2. Qummī, Tārīkh-i Qom, p. 60-61.
  3. Jamshīd, the mythical king of Iran.
  4. Mudarrisī Ṭabāṭabāʾī, Qom-nāma; Kitābcha-yi tafṣīl, p. 96-97.
  5. "Tārīkhcha-yi manṭaqī-yi Jamkarān", The Official website of Jamkaran Mosque, Retrieved May 23, 2015
  6. Mudarrisī Ṭabāṭabāʾī, Qom-nāma; Kitābcha-yi tafṣīl, p. 96-97.
  7. Official website of Jamkaran Mosque

References

  • Mudarrisī Ṭabāṭabāʾī, Sayyid Ḥusyan. Qom-nāma; Majmu'i maqālāt wa mutun darbāra-yi Qom. "Kitābcha-yi tafṣīl-i ḥalāt wa amlāk wa mustaghillāt wa qanawāt wa bulukāt-i dār al-īmān-i Qom". Qom: Kitābkhāna-yi Ayatullāh Marʿashī Najafī, 1364 SH.
  • Official website of Jamkaran Mosque
  • Rasekhoon
  • [www.sci.org.ir./ Statistical Center of Iran]
  • Qummī, Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad b. Ḥasan. Tārīkh-i Qom. Translated to Farsi by Ḥasan b. Alī b. Ḥasan Abd al-Malik Qummī. Edited by Sayyid Jalāl al-Dīn Tehrānī. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Ṭūs, 1361 Sh.