Al-Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah
|Al-Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah|
Secretary General of Hezbollah
|Well-known As||Sayyid al-Muqawama|
|Religious Affiliation||Twelver Shi'a|
|Well-known Relatives||Al-Sayyid Hadi Nasrallah|
|Place of Birth||Al-Bazuriyya, Sur|
|Notable roles||Secretary General of Hezbollah|
Al-Sayyid Ḥasan Naṣrallāh (Arabic: السيد حسن نصرالله), is the current Secretary General of the Lebanese organization Hezbollah. He moved to Najaf in order to learn religious sciences. He had a good relationship with al-Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr in Najaf and al-Sayyid Abbas al-Musawi which involved him in the battles against Israeli occupiers. He was in charge of administrative apparatus of Hezbollah for a while, but after the martyrdom of al-Sayyid Abbas al-Musawi, he became the Secretary General of this organization. Under his leadership, Hezbollah became an influential power in the region and subsequently they managed to force Israeli army to retreat from Lebanon in 2000 as well as releasing a number of their prisoners. Because of the threat of assassination attempts, Hasan Nasrallah rarely appears in public places. al-Sayyid Hadi, his son, was martyred in 1997 in a battle against Israeli army. Hasan Nasrallah is currently a member of the Supreme Council of Ahl al-Bayt (a) World Assembly.
Al-Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah was born in August 31, 1960 in al-Bazuriyya town, an unprivileged region in the east of Sur, a city in the south of Lebanon. His mother's name was Mahdiyya Safi al-Din and his father was al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Karim. He used to work in his father's store, selling vegetables.
Hasan Nasrallah has studied elementary and high school in his hometown, while he studied secondary school in Beirut. In 1987 he moved to Najaf to study religious sciences. He returned to Lebanon after two years of settling and educating in Najaf; he studied religious subjects in Baalbek. In 1989 he migrated to Qom and after a while returned to Lebanon as Hezbollah needed him.
Social and Political Activities
Al-Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah was involved in political activities from his young ages. After he finished high school, Hasan Nasrallah became the leader of Amal Movement in his hometown in 1975.
When he returned from Najaf in 1979, he became a member of the political office of Amal Movement. He was also the representative of this political party in Biqa' Valley.
In 1982 along with a group of clergymen, Nasrallah left Amal and they founded Hezbollah.
He was mainly involved in political activities of Hezbollah party from 1982 to 1992. In addition, he was in charge of preparation of military soldiers of Hezbollah. He was assistant of Ibrahim Amin al-Sayyid (the head of Hezbollah in Beirut) and also administrative assistant of Hezbollah.
After the martyrdom of al-Sayyid Abbas al-Musawi in 1992, al-Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah became the Secretary General of Hezbollah.
Martyrdom of His Son
Al-Sayyid Hadi Nasrallah, Hasan Nasrallah's son, was martyred in 1997 in a battle with Israeli soldiers. Israeli soldiers kept his body and it was given back to Lebanon after a year in an exchange deal between Israel and Hezbollah.
Al-Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah has been the target of assassination for a number of times including:
- Giving him poisoned food in 2004
- He was the target of Israeli airstrike in 2006
- A group of terrorists were captured in an attempt to hit Nasrallah's vehicle by bazooka in 2006
- A house was destroyed by an Israeli airstrike in 2011, as they thought Nasrallah was staying there.
Because of a series of assassination attempts, al-Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah does not appear commonly in public; however a guard team is always protecting him established by 'Imad al-Mughniya who was martyred in 2008. Currently Abu 'Ali al-Jawad, his son in-law, is in charge of this guard team.
A number of written and visual works have been done about the personality of al-Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah including a number of books, documentaries and even music songs.
Relations with Iran
In 1981, al-Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah was granted ijaza (permission) from Imam Khomeini, which made him the first Lebanese clergymen to achieve it from him. He frequently traveled to Iran back then and he also gave speeches.
He officially declared Iran's support from Hezbollah in his meetings and speeches. Nasrallah always defended Iran as a loyal supporter of Iran.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سید_حسن_نصرالله in Farsi Wikishia.