Duba'a bt. al-Zubayr b. Abd al-Muttalib

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Duba'a bt. al-Zubayr b. Abd al-Muttalib
Personal Information
Full NameDuba'a bt. al-Zubayr b. 'Abd al-Muttalib
Well Known AsDuba'a
LineageBanu Hashim
Well-Known RelativesProphet (s), Miqdad b. 'Amr
Muhajir/AnsarMuhajir
Religious Information
Migration toMedina
Notable RolesTransmitting hadiths from the Prophet (s)
Other ActivitiesAllegiance with the Prophet (s)

Ḍubā'a bt. al-Zubayr b. 'Abd al-Muṭṭalib (Arabic: ضُبَاعَةَ بِنْتَ اَلزُّبَيْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اَلْمُطَّلِبِ) was the wife of Miqdad b. 'Amr and the daughter of the Prophet's paternal uncle. Duba'a transmitted hadiths from the Prophet (s). Her hadiths were transmitted by some of the Companions and Tabi'un, such as Ibn 'Abbas.

Lineage

Duba'a's father, al-Zubayr b. 'Abd al-Muttalib, was a brother of Abu Talib and 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Muttalib[1] and her mother was 'Atika bt. Abu Wahb b. 'Amr b. 'A'idh b. 'Imran b. Makhzum.[2]

Spouse and Children

Duba'a was the wife of Miqdad b. 'Amr, one of the Prophet's companion.[3] Although the Prophet (s) greatly praised Duba'a's lineage and character, he married her to Miqdad, saying: "I married my cousin Duba'a to Miqdad so that people learn to practice lenience in marriage, marrying their daughters to every believer and not taking lineages into account in marriage".[4] Moreover, the Prophet (s) recommended them to follow him as a role-model for their married life.[5]

Duba'a had two children named "'Abd Allah" and "Karima." 'Abd Allah was a companion of 'A'isha in the Battle of Jamal, who fought against 'Ali (a) and was killed. When the war ended, 'Ali (a) saw 'Abd Allah's corpse and addressed him by "what a bad son of the sister you were!"[6] On some other accounts, her son's name was Ma'bad, rather than 'Abd Allah, and he was killed in the Battle of Jamal.[7]

When Miqdad died, Duba'a married Miqdad's step-brother, 'Abd al-Rahman b. Aswad b. 'Abd Yaghuth al-Zuhri.[8]

Transmission of Hadiths

Duba'a was one of the women who transmitted hadiths from the Prophet (s). Her hadiths were transmitted by people such as 'Urwa b. al-Zubayr, A'raj, 'Abd Allah b. 'Abbas, 'A'isha, Jabir b. 'Abd Allah al-Ansari, and Anas b. Malik. One of her important hadiths is the one in which she asked the Prophet (s) about "stipulation of conditions" in hajj. She says:

"I met the Messenger of Allah (s) and I complained about [hardships of going to] hajj. The Prophet (s) said: perform your hajj and stipulate to God that you will go so far as He has predestined for you and so far as you have the power to go."[9]

Moreover, according to a story, after the Battle of Badr, Duba'a and her sister went to Zahra, and then the three of them went to the Prophet (s), complained about their hard works, and asked for a share of the booties of the Battle of Badr. The Prophet (s) told them: "I instruct you to something better: thirty three times of takbir, thirty three times of tasbih, and thirty three times of tahmid, and then say ‘there is no god except Allah, He is one, and has no partners. The kingdom belongs to Him, and the Praise belongs to Him. And He has power over all things’."[10]

Al-Waqidi has referred to Duba'a as one of women from Banu Hashim who pledged allegiance to the Prophet (s).[11]

Notes

  1. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 5, p. 344.
  2. Ibn Ḥajar, al-Iṣāba, vol. 8, p. 220.
  3. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 1, p. 205.
  4. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 22, p. 265.
  5. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 5, p. 344.
  6. Ibn Ḥajar, al-Iṣāba, vol. 5, p. 22.
  7. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 2, p. 264-265.
  8. Ibn Ḥabīb Baghdādī, al-Muḥabbar, p. 64.
  9. Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 6, p. 178.
  10. Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 6, p. 319.
  11. Ibn Ḥabīb Baghdādī, al-Muḥabbar, p. 64.

References

  • Balādhurī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-. Jumal min ansāb al-ashrāf. Edited by Suhayl Zakār & Riyāḍ al-Ziriklī. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1417 AH.
  • Ḥillī, al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Khulāṣat al-aqwāl. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī. 2nd edition. Najaf: Manshūrāt Maktabat al-Ḥaydarīyya, 1381 AH.
  • Ibn al-Athīr al-Jazarī, ʿAlī b. Muḥammad. Usd al-ghāba fī maʿrifat al-ṣaḥāba. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1409 AH.
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Al-Iṣāba fī tamyīz al-ṣaḥāba. Edited by ʿĀdil Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Mawjūd and ʿAlī Muḥammad Muʿawwaḍ. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, 1415 AH.
  • Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, Yūsuf b. ʿAbd Allāh. Al-Istīʿāb fī maʿrifat al-aṣḥāb. Edited by ʿAlī Muḥammad al-Bajāwī. Beirut: Dār al-Jail, 1412 AH.
  • Ibn Ḥabīb, Muḥammad b. Ḥabīb b. Umayya. Kitāb al-muḥabbar. Edited by Ilza Likhtin Shititr. Beirut: Dār al-Āfāq al-Jadīda, [n.d].
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Al-Kāfī. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī & Muḥammad Ākhūndī. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Ziriklī, Khayr al-Dīn al-. Al-Aʿlām qāmus tarājum li ashhur al-rijāl wa al-nisāʾ min al-ʿarab wa al-mustaʿribīn wa al-mustashriqīn. 8th edition. Beirut: Dār al-ʿIlm li-l-Malāyyīn, 1989 CE.