Without priority, Quality: b

List of works about Lady Fatima (a)

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about List of works about Lady Fatima (a). For other usages of Fatima (a), see Fatima (a).

The list of works on Lady Fatima (a) includes hadith collections, works on her virtues, and her biographies.

Collecting the hadiths narrated by Lady Fatima (a) began in the early Islamic history. Sunnis gathered her hadiths in a number of works belonging to the musnad genre (collections of hadiths narrated by an individual) and in their thematic (musannaf) hadith collections. Shiites have quoted the hadiths of Lady Fatima (a) mostly in their thematic hadith collections but recently in musnad collections as well. Works on the virtues or biography of Lady Fatima (a) are mostly compiled by Shiites.

Musnads and Other Hadith Collections

Since early Islamic history, traditionists have collected the hadiths narrated by Lady Fatima (a). Sunni traditionists tended to gather her hadiths in musnads, and Shiites quoted her hadiths in thematic collections of hadiths. In recent times, the musnad genre has become popular among the Shia as well.[1]

Sunni Musnads

  • Al-Saqifa wa Fadak, written by Ahmad b. 'Abd al-Aziz Jawhari Basri (d. 323/935)
  • Musnad Fatima, written by Ali b. Umar Al-Daraqutni Shafi'i (d. 385/995)
  • Musnad Fatima al-Zahra, written by Umar b. Ahmad b. Shahin (d. 385/995)
  • Musnad Fatima Zahra, written by al-Suyuti (d. 385/995), This work is one of the most comprehensive Sunni hadith works about Lady Fatima (a).

Apart from independent musnad collections of the hadiths narrated by Lady Fatima (a), her hadiths constitutes a chapter in musnad collections such as Musnad Ahmad b. Hanbal, Musnad Ishaq b. Rahawayh, Musnad Abu Ya'la Musili, and al-Mu'jam al-kabir by al-Tabarani.

Some of the hadiths narrated by Fatima (a) are included in Sunni hadith collections of other genres, such as al-Dhurriyya al-tahira al-nabawiyya.

Shia Musnads

Hadiths of Lady Fatima (a) in Other Shiite Hadith Collections

Most of the hadiths of Lady Fatima (a) in Shiite sources are found in thematic collections (musannaf). For instance, volume forty three of Bihar al-anwar and volume 11 of Awalim al-ulum wa l-ma'arif by Bahrani Isfahani contain her hadiths.

Manaqib Works

A common genre of hadith collection since early Islamic history is that in which the author gather the hadiths on the virtues of a specific personality or group. Some of such works on the virtues of Lady Fatima (a) are the following:

Shiite Hadith Collections on Her Virtues

  • Manaqib Fatima al-Zahra' wa waladiha, written by Muhammad b. Jarir al-Tabari[4]
  • Al-Rawda al-Zahra' fi manaqib Fatima al-Zahra', written by Abu Sa'id Muhammad b. Ahmad (Ancestor of Abu l-Futuh al-Razi)[5]
  • Al-Khasa'is al-Fatimiyya, written by Baqir b. 'Isma'il[6]
  • Manaqib Fatima al-Zahra', written by Hakim al-Nishapuri[7]
  • Al-Risala al-bahira fi tafdil al-Sayyida Fatima al-Zahra' al-tahira, written by Sayyid Abu Muhammad Hasan b. Tahir Qa'ini[8]
  • Sharh Ihqaq al-haqq wa izhaq al-batil, written by Sayyid Shihab al-Din Mar'ashi Najafi
  • Manaqib al-Zahra' al-mustakhrija min al-kutub al-sihah, written by Ghulam Rida Kisa'i Kawkani
  • Al-Arba'un hadith fi fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin wa Sayyida Nisa' al-Alamin bi riwayat Aisha, written by Ahmad Mahmudi
  • Fada'il Fatima al-Zahra' az nigah-i digaran, written by Nasir Makarim Shirazi
  • Fatima al-Zahra' az nazar-i riwayat-i ahl-i sunnat, written by Muhammad Wasif[9]
  • Al-Arba'un hadithan fi fada'il Fatima al-Zahra' bi riwayat ahl al-sunna written by Najm al-Din Ja'far b. Muhammad Tehrani Askari[10]

Sunni Manaqib Works about Fatima (a)

Biographies

Thematic Biographies

Some biographies of Fatima (a) focus on one part or event in her life, such as the story of Fadak, her birth, or her marriage:

  • Mawlid Fatima, written by al-Shaykh al-Saduq (d. 381/991)[13]
  • Mawlid al-Siddiqa al-Zahra, written by Muhammad b. Abd Allah Abu Aziz Khatti[14]
  • Akhbar Fatima wa nash'atuha wa mawliduha, written by Muhammad b. Zakariya b. Dinar Ghulabi (d. 298/910)[15]
  • Tazwij Fatima bnt. al-Rasul, attributed to Imam al-Baqir (a) with Tazwij Fatima bnt. al-Rasul li Ali b. Abi Talib, by Muhammad Harun Royani (d. 307/919)
  • Tazwij Fatima, written by Abd Allah b. Muhammad b. Abi al-Dina (d. 281/894)[16]
  • Tazwij Fatima, written by Abd al-Aziz Yahya b. Ahmad b. Isa Jaludi Azdi Basri (d. 332/943)[17]

Some biographies, written by the Shia, focus on the events that led to her martyrdom, such as the following:

Some biographies have an ethical and edifying approach.

  • Al-Zahra quwat, written by Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah (d. 1431/2010)
  • Akhlaq hadrat Fatima, written by Muhammad Mahdi Tajlangarudi
  • Umm abiha, Madar-i nimuna-yi islam, written by Ghulam'ali Rahimiyan
  • Fatima al-Zahra al-masal al-a'la li-l mir'at al-muslima, written by Sayyid Sharif Sa'id Amili
  • Fatima Zahra, banuy-i nimuna-yi islam, written by Ibrahim Amini
  • Fatima al-Zahra, Qudwah wa uswah, written by Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Mudarrisi
  • Nisa'una kayfa yatamaththalna al-Zahra', written by Muhammad Ja'far Shams al-Din al-Amili[22]

In the contemporary times, some biographies of Fatima (a) have been written with a narrative style.

Al-Khutba al-Fadakiyya

Among the sayings of Fatima (a), there is a well-known speech recorded in historical and hadith sources. This speech, called al-Khutba al-Fadakiyya (Speech on Fadak), was delivered by Fatima (a) in relation to the confiscation of Fadak and usurpation of the caliphate.

The speech is recorded in sources such as Balaghat al-nisa' by Ibn Tayfur, al-Shafi by al-Sharif al-Murtada, al-Ihtijaj by al-Tabrisi, al-Tara'if by Ibn Tawus, and Kashf al-ghumma by al-Irbili. There are several commentaries of this speech, including two recent commentary by Muhammad Taqi Mesbah Yazdi and Mujtaba Tehrani.[23]


Notes

  1. Maʿmūrī, Kitābshināsi-yi Fāṭima, vol. 2, p. 562-564.
  2. Maʿmūrī, Kitābshināsi-yi Fāṭima, vol. 2, p. 564.
  3. Maʿmūrī, Kitābshināsi-yi Fāṭima, vol. 2, p. 563; Ṭabarī, Dalāʾil al-imāma, p. 65-76.
  4. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 22, p. 332.
  5. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 11, p. 294.
  6. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 1, p. 430.
  7. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 7, p. 173-174.
  8. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 3, p. 15.
  9. Maʿmūrī, Kitābshināsi-yi Fāṭima, vol. 2, p. 567.
  10. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 1, p. 430.
  11. Maʿmūrī, Kitābshināsi-yi Fāṭima, vol. 2, p. 566.
  12. Maʿmūrī, Kitābshināsi-yi Fāṭima, vol. 2, p. 571.
  13. Najāshī, Rijāl Najāshī, p. 392.
  14. Baghdādī, Hadīyyat al-ʿārifīn, vol. 1, p. 441-442.
  15. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 1, p. 343-344.
  16. Baghdādī, Hadīyyat al-ʿārifīn, vol. 1, p. 441-442.
  17. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 4, p. 172.
  18. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 15, p. 201.
  19. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 15, p. 92.
  20. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 25, p. 119.
  21. Maʿmūrī, Kitābshināsi-yi Fāṭima, vol. 2, p. 570.
  22. Maʿmūrī, Kitābshināsi-yi Fāṭima, vol. 2, p. 572.
  23. YJC.ir See: Tehrani, Short discussion about al-Fadakiyya Sermon

References

  • Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1403 AH.
  • Baghdādī, Ismāʿīl Bāshā. Hadīyyat al-ʿārifīn. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, [n.d].
  • Dūlābī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. Al-Dhurīyyat al-tāhirat al-nabawīyya. Edited by Muḥammad Jawād Ḥusaynī. Qom: Nashr-i Islāmī, 1407 AH.
  • Mudīr Shānachī, Kāzim. ʿIlm al-ḥadīth. Mashhad: Intishārat-i Dānishgāh-i Mashhad, 1344 Sh.
  • Maʿmūrī, ʿAlī. Kitābshināsi-yi Fāṭima; Dānishnāma-yi Fāṭimī. Tehran: Pazhūhishgāh-i Farhang wa Andīsha-yi Islāmī, 1393 SH.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl Najāshī. Qom: Nashr-i Islāmī, 1416 AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Dalāʾil al-imāma. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Biʿtha, 1413 AH.
  • YJC.ir See: Tehrani, Short discussion about al-Fadakiyya Sermon visited: 2021/01/01.