|Name inthe Qur'an:||Sulayman سُلَیمان|
|Name in the Bible:||Solomon|
|Place(s) of Residence:||Palestine|
|Name of People:||Banu Israel|
|After:||Prophet David (a)|
|Repeat in the Qur'an:||17 times|
|Important Events:||The Temple of Solomon was built by his order in Jerusalem|
Solomon (a) (Arabic: سُلَیمان) was son of David (a) and one of the important prophets of Banu Israel. He asked God a kingdom no one would deserve after him. God fulfilled his request and in addition to humans, made jinns, demons, wind and birds under his control. The "Books of Proverbs" and "Song of Songs" are attributed to him. The Temple of Solomon was built at his time and by his order.
Prophethood and Kingdom
At the time of Solomon (a), a group of people engaged in practicing magic. He ordered to collect all their writings and keep in a special place. After the demise of Solomon (a), some people took them out and began teaching and preaching magic. Prophet Solomon (a) ruled for forty years.
Power and Kingdom
Prophet Solomon (a) asked God a kingdom no one would deserve after him. God fulfilled his request and made wind under his control which took him a distance in one day which was usually passed in two months. Humans, birds and demons became under his control. Some disobedient demons were chained. Jinns worked for him and he received the access to the mines of copper.
Temple of Solomon
Based on the text of the Torah, God gave Prophet David (a) the good news of building the largest and most significant temple for Jews, "For when you die and are buried with your ancestors, I will raise up one of your descendants, your own offspring, and I will make his kingdom strong. He is the one who will build a house--a temple--for my name. And I will secure his royal throne forever." This place was later called al-Aqsa mosque by Muslims.
In addition to power and great kingdom, God gave Prophet Solomon (a) other privileges:
- Different verses and hadiths have reported many attributes for Prophet Solomon (a). The Qur'an has introduced him a good servant who always remembered God and God granted him knowledge. According to the Qur'an, Prophet Solomon (a) understood the language of animals.
- The Books of Proverbs and Song of Songs are attributed to him and both of them are among the holy books of Jews.
- The name of Solomon (a) is mentioned seventeen times in the Qur'an. The Qur'an has mentioned different stories about Prophet Solomon (a), the most famous one of which is the story of the Queen of Sheba. There are also different stories about him in traditions, many of which have been considered by researchers unreal and exaggerations.
- The Qur'an also generally attributed an error to Solomon (a), after which he repented. Exegetes have mentioned different opinions on what that divine test was.
Status among the Jews
The Torah has mentioned different stories about Solomon (a). According to the Torah, Prophet Solomon (a) had a thousand wives, many of whom were idol-worshiper and marrying them was against the order of God.
According to the Torah, toward the end of his life, Prophet Solomon (a) followed some of his wives and turned to their gods and idols, incensed and made sacrifice for them. The Qur'an has clearly opposed this belief saying, "and Solomon (a) was not faithless"
Demise and Division of the Country
After the demise of Solomon (a), the regions under his rule were divided. The two tribes of Judas and Benjamin remained in a land called Judah which included Jerusalem as well. The other ten tribes established an independent country called Israel.
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- Qur'an 38:36
- Qur'an 34:12, And for Solomon [We subjected] the wind: its morning course was a month's journey and its evening course was a month's journey. We made a fount of [molten] copper flow for him, and [We placed at his service] some of the jinn who would work for him by the permission of his Lord
- Qur'an 27:17, Solomon's hosts were marched out for him, comprising jinn, humans and birds,
- Qur'an 38:37
- Qur'an 38:38
- Qur'an 34:12
- Qur'an 34:12
- 2 Samuel 7:12-13
- Qur'an 38:30
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