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Adam (a)

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Prophet Ādam (a) (Arabic: النبی آدم), according to religious reports, has been the first man on earth and the father of all human beings. God breathed of His Spirit in Adam's body, then praised Himself for creating Adam (a). Then, angels were ordered to prostrate before Adam (a). Adam's wife was Eve (Arabic:حواء) and they were banished from paradise due to eating the Forbidden Tree. Prophet Adam (a) was the first vicegerent of God on earth and His first messenger.

The creation of Adam (a), breathing God's spirit in his body, prostration of angels before him, his infallibility and the falling to earth are from theological and traditional discussions among religious scholars.


The word "Adam" is not an Arabic term and has entered to this language from other languages. This word is used in the story of the creation of human in Torah, but its original root in Hebrew is unknown, too. Its feminine form is "Adama" which in Hebrew means "soil". Also the root ʾ d m in Hebrew, is related to "red" which might apply to the color of the soil from which human is created.[1]

Although the word "Adam" is not Arabic, some Muslim scholars have offered some explanations for naming the father of human beings as Adam on the basis of Arabic language. For example, it is said that derivation of the word is from "Adim al-ard" (the surface of the earth) since the human being is created from soil,[2] or al-Raghib al-Isfahani gives more details and mentions four reasons for it:

  • The body of Adam (a) is made of the surface of the earth.
  • His skin color is tan.
  • His body is made up of mixing different elements and forces ('Udma means, association and mixing).
  • He is fragrant with Divine breath (Idam: meaning what makes food fragrant).