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Uprising of al-Yamani

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The Uprising of al-Yamānī or al-Qaḥṭānī (Arabic:خروج اليماني او القحطاني), one of the signs of Imam al-Mahdi's (a) return, refers to the uprising of a Yemeni man from the descendants of Imam al-Husayn (a) prior to the reappearance of the Twelfth Imam (a). The uprising, according to some hadith, occurs simultaneously with the revolt of al-Sufyani and the Uprising of al-Sayyid al-Khurasani. Al-Yamani calls people to Imam al-Mahdi (a) and fights with al-Sufyani.

Since the first/seventh century, a number of people have claimed to be al-Yamani, such as Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad al-Kindi who revolted against al-Hajjaj b. Yusuf, and Ahmad b. Isma'il al-Basri known as Ahmad al-Hasan.

Introduction

Al-Yamani is the title of a man who will rise up before the return of Imam al-Mahdi (a) and call people to him.

The actual name of al-Yamani is not given in Shiite hadiths, but in Sunni sources, the names Jahjah, al-Hasan, or al-Husayn are mentioned for him. According to the book Rayat al-huda wa-l-dalal fi asr al-zuhur, although the genealogy of al-Yamani is not mentioned in the hadiths, there is strong evidence that he is one of the descendants of the Prophet (s) through Imam al-Husayn (a).

In a hadith from the Prophet (s), al-Yamani is called "al-Mansur" (the Victorious). In Sunni sources, he is called al-Qahtani as well. The word "Qahtani" means related to Qahtan, the ancestor of Yemeni Arabs.

Yamani, A Sign of the Return of the Twelfth Imam (a)

According to the hadiths, the uprising of al-Yamani is a sign of the reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (a). For instance, in a hadith reported in al-Shaykh al-Saduq's Kamal al-din, the uprising of al-Yamani, together with the heavenly cry, the revolt of al-Sufyani, the murder of al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, and al-Khasf bi-l-Bayda', is considered as a definite sign of the return of the Twelfth Imam (a).

There is a total of thirty-six hadiths on the uprising of al-Yamani in Sunni and Shiite sources, and in most of them there is no m