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Tuhfa-yi Radawiyya (book)

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Tuhfa radawiyya
Bibliographical Information
Author Muhammad Mahdi Naraqi
Original title تُحفه رَضَویّه
Language Persian
Series 1 vol.
Subject Jurisprudence
Published 1426/2005-6, Qom
Publisher Bustan-i Kitab Publication

Tuḥfa raḍawīyya (Persian: تُحفه رَضَویّه) is a book regarding jurisprudence in one volume in Persian, written by the Shiite scholar, Muhammad Mahdi Naraqi. It is an essay concerning the rulings of tahara (ritual cleanness) and prayer, knowledge of which is, according to Muhammad Mahdi Naraqi, obligatory for every Muslim. The book has two parts in which the relevant rulings are stated.

Author

Main article: Muhammad Mahdi Naraqi

Muhammad Mahdi b. Abi Dhar Fadil Naraqi, known as Muhaqqiq Naraqi (1128/1715 -1209/1794) was born in Naraq, near Kashan, and studied the preliminaries there. He then moved to Isfahan and studied with teachers there, especially Mulla Isma'il Khaju'i. Muhaqqiq Naraqi died in 1209/1794 in Kashan. His corpse was moved to Najaf and was buried in the Holy shrine of Imam Ali (a).

Title

The book was called Tuhfa radawiyya (a gift from Imam al-Rida (a)) because it was written when Naraqi had a sojourn in Mashhad near the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Rida (a).[1]

Motivation for Writing

The author wrote the book for the needs of people to know about some essential rulings of shari'a. In the preface of the book he says:

"This is an essay concerning essential rulings of tahara (ritual cleanness) and prayer, knowledge of which is obligatory for any Muslim. It was written at the request of some pious people who seek a provision for the hereafter".[2]

Manner of Stating the Rulings

One of the distinguishing marks of this work is its logical and convenient classification of issues in each part. Although the book is in fact an essay of fatwas and is written for the author's followers, in most issues we can find the views and fatwas of other scholars as well without mentioning their names, though.[3]

Contents

The book has two parts each of which contains some sections.

Part 1: Concerning the Issues of Tahara

  • Section 1: on the types of water and their rulings
  • Section 2: on najis (ritually unclean) objects and their rulings
  • Section 3: on mutahhirat (ritual cleaners) and their rulings
  • Section 4: on the rulings of containers and skins
  • Section 5: on the rulings of intercourse, manners of bath, and whatever leads to the tahara of the body
  • Section 6: on wudu' and its rulings
  • Section 7: on ghusls (ritual bath) and their rulings
  • Section 8: on tayammum (dry ablution) and its rulings

Part 2: Concerning the Issues and Rulings of Prayer

  • First introduction: types of prayers
  • Second introduction: everyday nawafil (recommended prayers) and its related issues
  • Section 1: preparations for the prayer and its conditions
  • Section 2: actions and dhikrs involved in a prayer
  • Section 3: problems occurring to the prayer

Commentaries and Manuscripts

Naraqi's son, Mulla Ahmad Naraqi, wrote commentaries on the book, citing many fatwas from Mu'tamad al-Shi'a, Talkhis, his father's Lawami' al-ahkam, and his own Mustanad al-Shi'a.[4] Below are some manuscripts of the book:

  • A manuscript in Vaziri Library of Yazd (written in 1209/1794)
  • A manuscript of Malik Library in Tehran (written in 1205/1790)

Publication

Tuhfa radawiyya has been published many times. It was published by the Islamic Sciences and Culture Academy in Bustan-i Kitab publication, in Qom.

Notes

  1. Narāqī, Tuḥfa raḍawīyya, p. 14.
  2. Narāqī, Tuḥfa raḍawīyya, p. 13-14.
  3. Narāqī, Tuḥfa raḍawīyya, p. 14.
  4. Narāqī, Tuḥfa raḍawīyya, p. 15.
  5. Narāqī, Tuḥfa raḍawīyya, p. 14.

References

  • Narāqī, Muḥammad Mahdī b. Abī Dhar. Tuḥfa raḍawīyya. Qom: Intishārāt-i Daftar-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1426 AH.