Jumal al-'ilm wa l-'amal (book)

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Jumal al-'ilm wa al-'amal
Author Al-Sharif al-Murtada
Original title جُمَل العِلم و العَمَل
Language Arabic
Subject fiqh, Kalam

Jumal al-ʿilm wa l-ʿamal (Arabic:جُمَل العِلم و العَمَل) is a book in fiqh and Kalam written by al-Sharif al-Murtada (d. 436/1044). This book is in Arabic and contains most important issues in fiqh. In the first part of the book, the author has also discussed the most important principles of belief.

The Author

Ali b. Husayn b. Musa b. Muhammad b. Musa b. Ibrahim b. Imam Musa al-Kazim (a) ( (b. 355/965 - d. 436/1044)) was known as al-Sayyid al-Murtada, al-Sharif al-Murtada and 'Alam al-Huda. After his brother al-Sayyid al-Radi, al-Sayyid al-Murtada became the leader of Talibids in Baghdad, Amir al-hajj and the head of courts of law.

Goal of Writing

According to some sources, another name of the book has been Jumal al-'aqa'id. al-Sayyid al-Murtada wrote this book following the advice of his teacher al-Shaykh al-Mufid for new religious students and to remind issues for teachers.

Content

As Aqa Buzurg says, this book has two parts: the first part on beliefs (Kalam) and the second part on acts of worship (fiqh). In the first part, the book has discussed the principles of Unity, justice, prophethood, hereafter and their related issues and in the second part, has discussed issues about prayer, fasting, I'tikaf (retreat), hajj, and Zakat.

Features

One of the important features of this book is that it has not discussed issues in fiqh, but it is al-Sayyid al-Murtada's book on rulings. In this book, he has also mentioned his new opinions regarding the rulings about which no one has issued any ruling before.

Importance and Authenticity

Afandi Isfahani wrote that after Judge 'Abd al-Jabbar Hamadani (d. 415/1024-5), the famous Mu'tazili theologian saw Jumal al-'ilm wa al-'amal, he said, "If al-Sharifal- Murtada did not write anything other than this book, he would still be top of the writers."

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi in al-Khilaf and al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli in al-Mutabar fi sharh al-Mukhtasar have considered rulings of al-Sayyid al-Murtada in Jumal al-'ilm wa al-'amal and this book has been one of the sources al-'Allama al-Majlisi has benefited from in writing Bihar al-anwar.

Versions

Aqa Buzurg has mentioned three versions of the book as following:

  • The version kept in the library of Mulla Muhammad Ali Khwansari
  • The version kept in the library of al-Sayyid Abu al-Qasim Isfahani Musawi Safawi, the author of Abwab al-jinan
  • The version kept in the library of Shaykh Mirza Ali Akbar ‘Iraqi

Some manuscripts of the book and also its commentaries are kept in the libraries of Astan Quds Radawi, Ayatollah Mar'ashi Najafi in Qom and the central library of the University of Tehran.

Publication and Prints

This book has had two prints available:

  • The print of 1386/1966-7 in Najaf, by the effort of Sayid Ahmad Husayni
  • The print of 13871967-8 in Najaf, by the effort of Rashid al-Saffar

References