Minhaj al-karama fi ma'rifat al-imama (book)
|Minhaj al-karama fi ma'rifat al-imama|
|Original title||مِنهاج الکَرامَة فی مَعرِفَة الإمامَة|
Minhāj al-karāma fī maʿrifat al-īmāma (Arabic: مِنهاج الکَرامَة فی مَعرِفَة الإمامَة) in Arabic, is written by al-'Allama al-Hilli (d. 726/1326). In this book the author proves the rightfulness of Shi'a sect and imamate of 'Ali (a) and other Twelve Imams (a) with many rational and narrated reasons.
- Main article: al-'Allama al-Hilli
"Abu Mansur Jamal al-Din Hasan b. Yusuf b. Mutahhar al-Hilli" (Arabic: ابومَنصور جَمال الدّین حَسَن ابن یُوسُف ابن مُطَهَّر الحِلّي) known as al-'Allama al-Hilli, is one of the greatest Shi'a scholars. His debates and writings led king Sultan Muhammad Khudabanda convert to "Shi'a", which led to the spread of Shi'a belief in Iran. "Al-'Allama al-Hilli" has many works on jurisprudence, Usul al-Fiqh, theology, philosophy, logic, supplications and other fields of Islamic studies. After the demise of al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli in 676/1277 who was marja' of Shi'a people, they found "al-'Allama al-Hilli" suitable for becoming marja', so he took the leadership and became marja' in age of 28.
The book contains six parts:
Part one: in this part al-'Allama al-Hilli cites opinions of Islamic sects about imamte. "Shiite believe that imamte is continuation of prophethood and necessity of infallibility of imam, but Sunnis believe different" He says.
Part two: the author explains reasons of rightfulness of Shi'ism extensively:
- The best and most correct sect in roots of faith and branches.
- The word of Al-Shaykh al-Tusi about a narration from the Prophet of Islam (s) which says that the saved sect is "Shi'a".
- "Shi'a" took their belief from ahl al-bayt which are famous for their virtues.
- "Shi'a" are only biased toward truth.
- Uncountable virtues of imam 'Ali (a) and vices of the enemies.
Part three: in the third part, the author enumerates reasons for imamate of Imam 'Ali (a)
- Rational reasons: "imam" must be infallible, imam must be assigned by the prophet (s), imam must maintain the religion, only God is capable for assigning imam, and imam must be the most virtuous.
- Narrated reasons: 40 reasons from Qur'an, 12 hadiths from the prophet (s), and twelve qualities exclusive to Imam 'Ali (a) indicates his "imamate".
Part four: in this part the author explains three ways to prove imamate of other Twelve Imams (a):
- Necessity of presence of an "imam" all times
- Their virtues which indicates their "imamate"
- Ijma' is against assignment.
- Hadith of iqtida' does not denote his "caliphate".
- Fortieth verse of Qur'an 9 shows his deficiency
Some of Sunni scholars when saw the influence of the book went to Ibn Taymiyya and requested him for help, so he wrote Minhaj al-sunna in rejection of Minhaj al-kirama which was entirely insult and slander. Later two books has been written in rejection of Minhaj al-sunna: Ikmal al-minna by Hasan b. 'Isa al-Yamani and Minhaj al-shari'a by Sayyid Mahdi Kazimi.
There's an Arabic commentary on Minhaj al-kirama by Sayyid 'Ali Husayni Milani. This book, published for the first time by "Hijra" publications in Qom in 1417/1997, only contains the first and second parts of Minhaj al-kirama.
- Number 13754 manuscript in Astan Quds Radawi library
- Two manuscripts in Ayatollah Mar'ashi Najafi Library
This book is published in 1421/2000, edited by "'Abd al-Rahim Mubarak" by "Tasu'a" publications, Mashhad.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from منهاج الکرامة فی معرفة الامامة in Farsi WikiShia.