Fada'il al-Shi'a (book)
|Original title||فضائل الشيعة|
|Subject||Position of Shi'a|
Faḍaʾil al-Shīʿa (Arabic:فضائل الشيعة) written by al-Shaykh al-Saduq (d. 381/991) who was among Shi'a scholars of fiqh and hadith in 4th/10th century. In this book, he has mentioned hadiths from Imams (a) about the position of Shi'a and has discussed that they are the only followers of the path of truth and true followers of the Prophet (s). The hadiths in the book are generally about moral issues and beliefs.
About the Author
- Main article: al-Shaykh al-Saduq
Muhammad b. Ali b. Husayn b. Musa b. Babiwayh al-Qummi known as al-Shaykh al-Saduq was among the scholars of 4th/10th century. The date of his birth was 305/917. He passed away in 381/991 and was buried in Rey. He was among the greatest scholars in fiqh and hadith of the hadith school of Qom. He had about 300 scientific works, many of which are lost. Man la yahduruh al-faqih among the Four Books, is one of his works.
Goal of Writing
After the Prophet (s) passed away, caliphs tried to keep away the Ahl al-Bayt (a) from the society. They massacred the followers and Shi'a of the Ahl al-Bayt (a) or martyred them under torture in prisons. They also made a great propagation against Shi'a and called them Rafidi, meaning "those who abandoned the main way of people."
Al-Shaykh al-Saduq is also known as one of the greatest Shi'a transmitters of hadith and wrote this book according to his position.
Number of Hadiths in the Book
This book contains 45 hadiths from Imams (a) in different topics.'
- Position of the lovers of Imam Ali (a)
- Position of Shia
- Meaning of Rafidi
- Shi'a on the Day of Judgment
- Position of Shi'a in the paradise
- Shi'a die martyrs
- Only the hajj of Shi'a is accepted
- Lovers of the Ahl al-Bayt (a) will go to paradise
- Intercession of Imams (a) will include Shi'a
- The copy in the library of Hujjat al-Islam Urdubadi in Najaf
- The copy in Tihrani Library in Samara
- The copy in the library of Mirza Ali Bihzadi (grandson of Muhaddith Nuri). This copy is written by Muhaddith Nuri in 1279/1880.
The material for this article is mainly taken from فضائل الشیعة (کتاب) in Farsi Wikishia.