Al-Jawahir al-saniyya fi l-ahadith al-qudsiyya (book)
|Al-Jawahir al-saniyya fi al-ahadith al-qudsiyya|
|Original title||ألجَواهرُ السَّنیَّة فی الأحادیث القُدسیَّة|
|Publisher||Qa'im Al-i Muhamamd (s) publication|
Al-Jawāhir al-saniyya fī l-aḥādith al-qudsiyya (Arabic:ألجَواهرُ السَّنیَّة فی الأحادیث القُدسیَّة) is a book in Arabic written by al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili in which he has tried to collect all Qudsi Hadiths (hadiths from God) in a single volume. According to the author, this book is the first of its kind and contains the most important sources of divine rulings which deter and remove Satanic thoughts through their great advice. Due to its powerful reasoning, this book is different from other such books. It contains 691 hadiths.
- Main article: Al-Hurr al-'Amili
Muhammad b. Hasan b. 'Ali b. Muhammad b. Husayn known as al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili was among Shi'a scholars in hadith and jurisprudence in 11th/17th century and the author of great works including Wasa'il al-Shi'a. Al-Shaykh al-Hurr was also famous as the Author of Wasa'il. He passed away in Mashhad and his grave is in the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Rida (a).
Meaning of Qudsi Hadiths
- Main article: Qudsi Hadith
A Qudsi Hadith is a word of God which has been revealed to the Prophet (s) other than the glorious Qur'an and is also called "hadith Rabbani" and "hadith Ilahi". The theme of Qudsi hadiths are mostly ethics and mysticism ('Irfan).
The most important issue and the disagreement about these hadiths is about the revelatory nature of their words. Most of these hadiths are narrated from the Holy Prophet (s) by Anas b. Malik, Abu Hurayra, Ibn 'Abbas and Imam 'Ali (a).
Goal of Writing
Al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili considered divine words and the words by the Holy Prophet (s) and Imams (a) very worthy to be paid attention to by the heart. He mentioned this as his goal of collecting these words of light which Imams (a) narrated from the Prophet (s) and he (s) narrated from God.
The chapters of the book have been ordered by the Prophets (s) who have been addressed and the author has mentioned the words in which the prophets (s) have not been addressed in the order of Imams (a) at the end of the book. He also has collected hadiths about the virtue of Imam 'Ali (a) and other Imams (a) and the God's order for their Imamate in two chapters:
- Chapter one: about hadiths narrated by Shi'a hadith scholars.
- Chapter two: about hadiths which have been narrated by Sunni scholars.
At the end of the book, the author discusses the chains of his narration from authors of different books.
In addition to comprehensiveness of the book, the hadiths contained in the book are accepted by both schools (Shi'a and Sunni) and both groups have approved its chains of transmission, so that it can be said that both schools have consensus on the message of those hadiths and they have been frequently narrated by different narrators up to the level of tawatur. Through a correct and unmistakable reasoning, messages of these hadiths prove the necessity of following Imamate and also proves rightfulness of Twelver Shia School and also describes the attributes of the "Saved Sect".
Translation and Printing
This book has been translated by the title of Kuliyyat-i hadith-i Qudsi with the Persian translation of Zayn al-'Abidin Khalkhali by Dehqan publications for the third time in 2001. Also, another Persian translation by Karim Faydi Tabrizi with the same title has been published by Qa'im Al-i Muhamamd (s) publication in Qom in 2005.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from الجواهر السنیة فی الاحادیث القدسیة (کتاب in Farsi Wikishia.