Priority: b, Quality: b

Al-Rawda al-bahiyya fi sharh al-lum'a al-Dimashqiyya (book)

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
Al-Rawda al-bahiyya
Author Al-Shahid al-Thani
Original title الرَوضَة البَهِیَّة فی شَرح اللُمعَة الدِمَشقِیَّة
Language Arabic
Series 10 vol.
Subject jurisprudence
Published 1386/1966
Publisher Jami'a al-Najaf al-Diniyya

Al-Rawḍa al-bahīyya fī sharḥ al-lūmʿa al-dīmashqīyya (Arabic: الرَوضَة البَهِیَّة فی شَرح اللُمعَة الدِمَشقِیَّة) is an important book in jurisprudence, sometimes referred to as Sharh al-lum'a, written by Shaykh Sa'id Zayn al-Din b. 'Ali b. Ahmad b. Taqi al-'Amili, or al-Shahid al-Thani (d. 966 A.H./ 1558). The book is known to be one of the best, and the most prominent expositions of al-Lum'a al-dimashqiyya authored by al-Shahid al-Awwal. Sharh al-lum'a has been one the most significant text books of preliminary courses of Islamic seminaries for centuries. There are many commentaries and annotations written on the book, and this shows the importance of this work in jurisprudence.

Importance of the Book

Since the book was written, it has been frequently cited, and referred to, in the works of many great scholars of jurisprudence, such as:

The Date of Writing

According to Aqa Buzurg Tihrani, the writing of Sharh al-lum'a began in early Rabi' I 956/ April, 1549, and it was finished on Saturday, 21st of Jumada I, 957/ May 17, 1550.[1]

Comments about the Book

Aqa Buzurg Tihrani[2], al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin[3] and many others have admired Sharh al-lum'a in their works.

Organization of the Book

Sharh al-lum'a contains 51 chapters in ten volumes:

  1. Kitab al-taharat (cleanliness) and kitab al-salat (prayer).
  2. Zakat, khums, sawm (fasting), hajj, jihad.
  3. Al-qada wa al-shahadat (adjudication and testimony), waqf, atiyya (gift), matajir (commerce).
  4. From dayn (debts) to juʾala.
  5. From wasiyya (will) to dayn (debt).
  6. Kitab al-talaq (divorce).
  7. Kitab al-ghasb (usurpation), lqata (lost property), to ihyaʾ al-mawat (revival of wasteland).
  8. Kitab al-irth (heritage)
  9. Kitab al-hudud
  10. Kitab al-qisas.[4]

Commentaries on the Book

There are about 100 commentaries and annotations on Sharh al-lum'a as mentioned in al-Dhari'a, the most important of which are those of Aqa Jamal al-Din al-Khwansari, Sultan al-'Ulama, and Sahib al-Madarik. In general, there are two types of commentaries on Sharh al-lum'a: those written as independent books and those written just as appended commentaries.

Commentaries written as distinct works

No Book Author
1 Al-Ibana al-mardiyya fi sharh-i mabhath al-waqt wa al-qibla Shaykh Muhammad Taqi b. Muhammad Kazim al-Tustari
2 Safa al-rawda Sayyid Amir Muhammad Salih b. Hassan al-Ha'iri al-Husayni.
3 Al-Ta'liqa al-aniqa Sayyid Mufti Mir Muhammad 'Abbas al-Musawi al-Tustari al-Kahnawi
4 Fasl al-khitab al-ibrahimiyya Mirza Ibrahim Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani
5 Al-Hadiqa al-Najafiyya Mulla Muhammad Taqi al-Harawi
6 Makhzan al-asrar al-fiqhiyya Aqa Muhammad Ali b. Aqa Muhammad Baqir Hazar Jaribi
7 Al-Zahirat al-Zawiyya Shaykh Ali b. Muhammad b. Zayn al-Din al-Muhayyi'a
8 Al-Manahij al-Sawiyya Muhammad b. Hassan al-Isfahani, known as Kashif al-Litham
9 Al-Hidaya al-Saniyya fi sharh al-rawda al-bahiyya Sayyid Hadi b. Abu al-Hassan al-Radawi al-Kishmiri
10 Al-Sahab al-rawiyya wa al-nafkha al-muhammadiyya wa al-nasma al-gharawiyya Shaykh Muhammad b. Yusuf al-Jami'i
11 Al-Ghara'b al-rububiyya fi maqamat al-ubudiyya Shaykh Shari'atmadar al-Astarabadi
12 Majma' al-Hawashi (a collection of commentaries) Mulla Habib Allah al-Kashani
13 Matali' al-bukur min al-ayyam wa dahr al-duhur Shaykh Ali b. Muhammad Ja'far al-Astarabadi
14 Minhaj al-umma fi sharh al-rawda al-bahiyya Mirza Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Naraqi
15 Minhaj al-milla fi ta'yin al-waqt wa al-qibla Mulla Ali b. Abdullah al-Aliyari
16 Al-Mawa'id al-Husayniyya min al-rawda al-bahiyya Sayyid Hassan b. Ahmad al-Husayni al-Kashani[5]

Appended Commentaries

Such commentaries have not been written as separate books and are only known by their authors.

No Author
1 Sayyid Aqa Tustari, the author of Ta'did al-lisan
2 Mirza Ibrahim b. Sultan al-'Ulama al-Mar'ashi al-Amuli al-Isfahani
3 Mirza Ibrahim b. Mulla Sadr al-Din Muhammad al-Shirazi
4 Amir Ibrahim b. Amir Ma'sum al-Qazwini
5 Amir Abu Talib, Mir Findiriski's grandson, who was contemporaneous with Sahib Riyad
6 Amir Abu al-Qasim al-Kabi al-Musawi al-Khunsari
7 Mulla Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Tuni, Mulla 'Abd Allah al-Tuni's brother, the author of al-Wafiyya
8 Shaykh Is'haq al-Turbati al-Mashhadi
9 Shaykh Assadullah b. Isma'il al-Dizfuli al-Kazim
10 Sayyid Muhammad Baqir b. Zayn al-'Abidin al-Musawi al-Khunsari, the author of Rawdat al-jannat
11 Shaykh Muhammad Taqi b. Mulla 'Abbas al-Nahawandi
12 Mulla Muhamamd Ja'far Shari'atmadar al-Astarabadi
13 Shaykh Ja'far Qadi b. 'Abdullah b. Ibrahim al-Huwayzi al-Kamari'I al-Isfahani
14 Aqa Jamal al-Din Muhammad b. Husayn b. Jamal al-Din al-Khunsari
15 Shaykh Hassan b. Salam b. Hassan al-Jaylani al-Timjani
16 Shaykh Hassan b. Muhammad al-Subayti al-'Amili
17 Shaykh Hassan b. al-Shahid al-Thani, the author of Ma'alim
18 Sayyid Ahmad b. Sayyid Ali Asghar al-Shahristani
19 Shaykh Ahmad b. Ibrahim b. Ahmad al-Darazi al-Bahrani
20 Mulla Husayn al-Turbati
21 Sayyid Husayn b. Ja'far b. Husayn al-Musawi al-Khunsari
22 Mulla Husayn b. Hassan al-Jaylani al-Banani, the author of Hashiya al-dhakhira
23 Amir Muhammad Husayn b. Amir Muhammad Salih al-Khatunabadi
24 Mull Muhammad Husayn b. Muhammad Qasim al-Qumsha'I al-Najafi
25 Sultan al-'Ulama, Husayn b. Rafi' al-Din Muhammad al-Mar'ashi al-Amuli al-Isfahani
26 Muhaqiq al-Khunsari Husayn b. Jamal al-Din Muhammad
27 Sayyid Haydar Ali Hindi
28 Mulla Muhammad Rafi' b. Mazj al-Jaylani al-Mashhadi
29 Al-Shahid al-Thani himself also wrote commentaries on the book
30 Mulla Hisam al-Din Muhamamd Salih b. Ahmad al-Mazandari
31 Sayyid 'Abd al-Samad b. Ahmad b. Muhadith al-Jaza'iri
32 Sayyid 'Abdullah b. Nur al-Din al-Jaza'iri
33 Mulla Muhammad 'Ali b. Ahmad Qaracha Daghi
34 Muhammad 'Ali b. Aqa Baqir al-Bihbahani
35 Sayyid Muhammad Ali b. Sayyid Sadiq al-Radawi al-Mashhadi
36 Sayyid Ali b. Sayyid Azizullah b. 'Abd al-Mutalib al-Jaza'iri
37 Muhammad 'Ali b. Muhammad b. Murtada al-Tabataba'i
38 Mulla Ali Quli b. Muhammad al-Khalkhali
39 Shaykh 'Ali b. Nasrullah al-Laythi, one of the pupils of al-Shaykh al-Baha'i
40 Muhammad Ali b. Muhammad Nasir Chahardihi al-Mudarrisi
41 Amir Fakhr al-Din al-Mashhadi al-Khurasani
42 Mirza Muhammad, known as Delimaj
43 Shaykh Muhammad b. Hassan b. Zayn al-Din al-Shahid, known as Shaykh Muhammad al-Sabt (al-Shahid al-Thani's grandson)
44 Aqa Radi al-Din Muhammad b. Aqa Husayn al-Khunsari
45 Mirza Muhammad b. Sulayman al-Tunikabuni
46 Sayyid Muhammad b. Amir Salih al-Khatunabadi
47 Muhammad b. Abd al-Fattah al-Tunikabuni al-Sarab
48 Sayyid Muhammad b. Ali b. Abu al-Hassan al-'Amili, the author of al-Madarik
49 Sayyid Amir Rafi' al-Din Muhammad Sadr b. Muhammad b. Sayyid Ali, known as Khalifa al-Sultan
50 Sayyid Muhammad b. Hibat Allah al-Qazwini
51 Sayyid Mustafa b. Ali al-Naqawi al-Kihnawi
52 Mulla Muhammad b. Mu'min b. Shah Qasim al-Sabzawari, who was contemporaneous with Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili
53 Mirza Nasr Allah al-Farsi al-Mudarris
54 Muhammad Nasir b. 'Abd Allah b. Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi
55 Shaykh Yasin b. Salah al-Din b. Ali al-Bahrani
56 Sayyid Mir Muhammad Yusuf b. 'Abd al-Fattah al-Tabrizi
57 Mirza Abu al-Hassan Khan al-Mujtahid al-Fasa'i
58 Muhammad Baqir b. Muhammad Ja'far al-Fasharaki
59 Mirza Muhammad Baqir al-Harandi
60 Mirza 'Abd al-'Ali al-Harandi
61 Mulla Muhammad Ali al-Nuri
62 Isma'il b. Najaf al-Marandi al-Husayni al-Tabrizi
63 Shaykh Jawad b. Mubarak al-Najafi
64 Mulla Husayn al-Turbati
65 Sayyid Shafi' Japluqi
66 Sayyid Muhammad Tahir b. Isma'il, known as Agha Mir, al-Shaykh Murtada al-Ansari's son in law
67 Shaykh 'Abbas b. Shaykh Hassan Kashif al-Ghita'
68 Sayyid Ali b. Sayyid Muhammad b. Muhsin al-A'raji al-Kazimi
69 Aqa Muhammad Ali b. Aqa Muhammad Baqir Hazar Jaribi
70 Mulla Muhammad Kazim b. Muhammad Sadiq al-Kashani al-Isfahani
71 Sayyid Muhammad Siyushani
72 Shaykh Muhammad b. Yusuf 'Abd al-Latif al-Jami'I al-'Amili
73 Allama Mirza Masih b. Muhammad Sa'id al-Razi al-Tihrani
74 Sayyid Mahdi al-Qazwini al-Hilli
75 Shaykh Mahdi Mulla Kitab al-Najafi
76 Muhammad Mahdi b. Muhammad Ibrahim al-Kalbasi
77 Muhammad Nasir b. Mulla Ahmad al-Naraqi
78 Shaykh 'Abd al-Ghani (a commentary on the problem of the order of forgotten prayers)[6]

Publications

The book has been widely published in Iran, Egypt, and Iraq. The best print of the book is the one by Jami'a al-Najaf al-Diniyya, edited by Sayyid Muhammad al-Kalantar. The first print was in 1386/ 1966) and it was reprinted in 1398/ 1978 in 10 volumes.

Notes

  1. Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 6, p. 90; vol. 11, 29; vol. 14, p. 49.
  2. Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 11, p. 290; vol. 13, p. 292.
  3. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 1, p. 145; vol. 7, p. 155.
  4. Makkī al-ʿĀmilī, Sharḥ al-lumʿa, contents of the book.
  5. Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, volumes 3, 4, 6, 12, 15, 16, 20, 20, 21, 23.
  6. Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, volumes 6, 7, 12, 13.

References

  • Amīn, Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf, n.p.
  • Makkī al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. Jamāl al-Dīn al-. Sharḥ al-lumʿa. Najaf: Manshūrāt Jāmiʿat al-Najaf al-Dīnīyya, 1386 AH.
  • Tihrānī, Aqā Buzurg al-. Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1403 AH.