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'Abd Allah b. Imam al-Kazim (a)

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Descendant of Imam
'Abd Allah b. Imam al-Kazim (a)
امامزاده عبدالله ساوه.jpg
Father Imam Musa b. Ja'far al-Kazim (a)
Mother Umm Walad
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Place of Burial Saveh or Bafq

ʿAbd Allāh b. Mūsā b. Jaʿfar (Arabic: عبدالله بن موسی بن جعفر), known as ʿAbd Allāh al-ʿAwkalānī (Arabic: عبدالله العَوكَلانی), was a son of Imam Musa l-Kazim (a). After the martyrdom of Imam al-Rida (a), some Shi'as thought that 'Abd Allah was the next Imam because Imam al-Jawad (a) was too young, but after asking some jurisprudential questions, they realized that he was not the next Imam. There is a mausoleum in Iran, one in Saveh and the other in Bafq (near Yazd), attributed to him.

Lineage

'Abd Allah was a son of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a). His mother was Umm Walad.[1] Al-Shaykh al-Tusi mentioned him among the companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a).[2] 'Abd Allah transmitted hadiths from Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a).[3]

Succession of Imam al-Rida (a)

According to some sources such as Ibn Shahrashub's al-Manaqib , Dala'il al-imama, and al-Ikhtisas, after the martyrdom of Imam al-Rida (a), Shi'as were doubtful of the next Imam because Imam al-Jawad (a) was too young. Some companions and jurists went to Medina and held a meeting. They asked jurisprudential questions from 'Abd Allah b. Musa, but he gave wrong answers. According to al-Shaykh al-Mufid's version, Imam al-Jawad (a) was present in the meeting and told his uncle ('Abd Allah): "O uncle! Fear God! It will be difficult for you to stand up to God after the resurrection while He tells you: 'why did you issue a fatwa while you knew nothing?'" In his answer to Imam al-Jawad (a), 'Abd Allah asked for divine forgiveness by reciting istighfar.

Then, Imam al-Jawad (a) gave the right answers. After that, the Shi'as asked many other questions and the Imam (a) replied to all of them.[4]

Mausoleum

Near the village, Owjan, 18 kilometers from Saveh, there is a mausoleum known as Shahzada 'Abd Allah Owjan, attributed to 'Abd Allah b. Musa b. Ja'far. Its dome is a historical construction in the Seljuk period, built by the Rey-based minister Sayyid Majd al-Din Abu l-Fath in the 6th/12th century.[5]

There is also a mausoleum in Bafq, near Yazd, which is believed by people there to be the grave of 'Abd Allah, the son of Imam al-Kazim (a).[6]

Children

Sources of genealogy and rijal have mentioned five sons and three daughters of 'Abd Allah.[7] His progeny is known as “'Awkalani”[8] and live in different countries, including Egypt, Iraq, Iran, and India.

There is a mausoleum in Haji Abad in Hormozgan, known as Imamzada Sayyid Muhammad[9] and another near Kerman known as Imamzada 'Abd Allah[10] which are attributed to the progeny of 'Abd Allah b. Musa.

A group of Sadat in Lorestan are from his progeny, and are known as 'Awkalani.

Notes

  1. Ibn Sūfī, al-Majdī fī ansāb al-ṭālibīn, p. 310.
  2. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 339, 359.
  3. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 2, p. 429; Ṣāliḥī Shāmī, Subul al-hudā, vol. 12, p. 30.
  4. Mufīd, al-Ikhtiṣāṣ, p. 102; Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 4, p. 382-383; Ṭabarī, Dalāʾil al-imāma, p. 389-390.
  5. Markazi.IRIB.IR
  6. Imamzadegan.IR
  7. Ibn Sūfī, al-Majdī fī ansāb al-ṭālibīn, p. 310.
  8. Ibn Sūfī, al-Majdī fī ansāb al-ṭālibīn, p. 310.
  9. Hormozgan.Oghaf.IR
  10. Hormozgan.Oghaf.IR

References

  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Qom: ʿAllāma, 1379 AH.
  • Ibn Sūfī, Nasāba. Al-Majdī fī ansāb al-ṭālibīn. Qom: Maktabat Ayatullāh al-Marʿashī al-Najafī, 1422 AH.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Al-Kāfī. 2nd edition. Tehran: Islāmīyya, 1362 Sh.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Ikhtiṣāṣ. 1st edition. Qom: Kungira-yi Shaykh al-Mufīd, 1413 AH.
  • Ṣāliḥī Shāmī, Muḥammad b. Yusuf. Subul al-hudā wa al-rashād fī sīrat khayr al-ʿibād. 1st edition. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, 1414 AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Dalāʾil al-imāma. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī. Mashhad: Majmaʾ al-Buhūth al-Islāmiyya, 1413 AH.