Dhabih Allah Mahallati
|Full Name||Dhabih Allah Mahallati Mushtaq 'Askari|
|Well-Known As||Dhabih Allah Mahallati|
|Place of Birth||Mahallat, Iran|
|Residence||Najaf, Samarra, Tehran|
|Studied in||Najaf, Samarra, Kadhimayn|
|Burial Place||Shrine of Hamza b. Musa, Rey, Iran|
|Professors||'Abd al-Husayn Rashti, Sayyid Abu al-Hasan Isfahani, Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi, Muhammad Jawad Balaghi, Mirza Husayn Na'ini|
|Works||Rayahin al-shari'a, Ma'athir al-kubra fi tarikh Samarra, Farsan al-hayaja'|
Ḍhabih Allah Maḥallāti Mushtāq 'Askari (1310/1892 – 1406/1985 known as Dhabih Allah Mahallati was a Shi'a clergy and writer. In 1330/1912, he went to Iraq, studied in the seminaries of Najaf and Samarra and in 1376/1956, returned to Iran. He had many works including Rayahin al-shari'a, Ma'athir al-kubra fi tarikh Samarra and Farsan al-hayaja'.
Dhabih Allah Mahallati acquired primary education in his birth town; and in 1330/1912 immigrated to Najaf and began studying in the seminary of Najaf. For 12 years, he acquired knowledge from scholars such as 'Abd al-Husayn Rashti, Sayyid Abu al-Hasan Isfahani, Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi, Muhammad Jawad Balaghi and Mirza Husayn Na'ini. He received the permission for transmitting hadiths from Sayyid Abu al-Hasan Isfahani and Mirza Husayn Na'ini.
In 1341/1922, he moved to Samarra and participated in advanced fiqhi classes and at the same time, began teaching in primary levels and also began writing. For a while, he benefited from the classes of Sayyid Hasan Sadr in Kadhimiyan.
Choosing Family Name
During his stay in Samarra, Iranians who lived in Samarra were addressed by the consulate of Iran that they need to choose family names and receive national identity booklets. Dhabih Allah Mahallati took this opportunity and chose the family name "Mushtaq 'Askari" to take blessings from Al-'Askariyyayn (a) and thus he was called Dhabih Allah Mahallati Mushtaq 'Askari.
Returning to Iran
Mahallati returned to Iran in 1376/1956 and stayed in Tehran. He led the congregational prayer in one of the mosques in Tehran and also wrote and preached religious rulings and teachings. During the Islamic revolution, he supported the revolution, but because of his old age, no significant activity is reported from him.
Mahallati had many works and up to 60 works have been mentioned for him. Some of this most important works are:
- Rayāhin al-shari'a
- Ma'āthir al-kubrā fi tārikh Sāmarrā
- Farsan al-hayajā'
- Kashf al-kawākib
- Kashf al-qhāshiya
- Kashf al-ishtibāh
- Kashf al-muqgibāt
- Kashf al-ghurur or Mafāsid al-Sufur
- Qalāi'd al-nuhur fi Waqāye'i al-Ayyām wa al-Shuhur
- Judgments of Imam Ali (a)
- Al-Suyuf al-bāriqa or Tanbih As-hāb al-Khirqa
- The material for this article is mainly taken from ذبیحالله محلاتی in Farsi WikiShia.