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Dhabih Allah Mahallati

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ذبیح الله محلاتی.jpg
Personal Information
Full Name Dhabih Allah Mahallati Mushtaq 'Askari
Well-Known As Dhabih Allah Mahallati
Religious Affiliation Shi'a
Birth 1310/1892
Place of Birth Mahallat, Iran
Residence Najaf, Samarra, Tehran
Studied in Najaf, Samarra, Kadhimayn
Death 1406/1985
Burial Place Shrine of Hamza b. Musa, Rey, Iran
Scholarly Information
Professors 'Abd al-Husayn Rashti, Sayyid Abu al-Hasan Isfahani, Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi, Muhammad Jawad Balaghi, Mirza Husayn Na'ini
Works Rayahin al-shari'a, Ma'athir al-kubra fi tarikh Samarra, Farsan al-hayaja'

Ḍhabih Allah Maḥallāti Mushtāq 'Askari (1310/1892 – 1406/1985 known as Dhabih Allah Mahallati was a Shi'a clergy and writer. In 1330/1912, he went to Iraq, studied in the seminaries of Najaf and Samarra and in 1376/1956, returned to Iran. He had many works including Rayahin al-shari'a, Ma'athir al-kubra fi tarikh Samarra and Farsan al-hayaja'.

Education

  • Najaf

Dhabih Allah Mahallati acquired primary education in his birth town; and in 1330/1912 immigrated to Najaf and began studying in the seminary of Najaf. For 12 years, he acquired knowledge from scholars such as 'Abd al-Husayn Rashti, Sayyid Abu al-Hasan Isfahani, Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi, Muhammad Jawad Balaghi and Mirza Husayn Na'ini. He received the permission for transmitting hadiths from Sayyid Abu al-Hasan Isfahani and Mirza Husayn Na'ini.

  • Samarra

In 1341/1922, he moved to Samarra and participated in advanced fiqhi classes and at the same time, began teaching in primary levels and also began writing. For a while, he benefited from the classes of Sayyid Hasan Sadr in Kadhimiyan.

Choosing Family Name

During his stay in Samarra, Iranians who lived in Samarra were addressed by the consulate of Iran that they need to choose family names and receive national identity booklets. Dhabih Allah Mahallati took this opportunity and chose the family name "Mushtaq 'Askari" to take blessings from Al-'Askariyyayn (a) and thus he was called Dhabih Allah Mahallati Mushtaq 'Askari.

Returning to Iran

Mahallati returned to Iran in 1376/1956 and stayed in Tehran. He led the congregational prayer in one of the mosques in Tehran and also wrote and preached religious rulings and teachings. During the Islamic revolution, he supported the revolution, but because of his old age, no significant activity is reported from him.

Works

Mahallati had many works and up to 60 works have been mentioned for him. Some of this most important works are:

Rayahin al-shari'a written by Dhabih Allah Mahallati

Demise

Dhabih Allah Mahallati passed away in 1406/1985 and was buried in the courtyard of the shrine of Hamza b. Musa, 'Abd al-'Azim al-Hasani.

References