Permission for Entrance
Permission for entrance or Idhn al-dukhūl (Arabic: إِذن الدخول) refers to asking for permission. It is among the manners of association and manners of visiting the graves of religious figures, especially the infallible Ones (a).
Manners of Association
Idhn dukhul referring to request for permission for entering one's estate is among the manners of association. In Sura al-Nur, entering others' houses without their permissions is prohibited. It is said that when angel Jabra'il (Gabriel) wanted to meet the Prophet (s), he had to stay at the door of the Prophet's (s) house and ask his permission to enter. Some consider Bab al-Jibra'il in Masjid al-Nabi, the place angel Gabriel stayed and asked the Prophet's (s) permission to enter his house.
Manners of Ziyara
Shi'a consider Idhn dukhul among the manners of ziyara. Upon entering the shrines of great figures in religion, especially the Infallible Ones (a), they recite a supplication which is known as Idhn dukhul. According to these supplications, the souls of the Infallible Ones (a) see the pilgrims and their actions. In the books of supplications and ziyara, some manners are mentioned for ziyara of the Infallible Ones (a), one of which is reciting Idhn dukhul. In this regard, Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi has quoted some supplications from al-Kaf'ami and al-Majlisi in Mafatih al-jinan.
Text of Idhn Dukhul
In texts titled as Idhn dukhul, the pilgrim asks God, the Prophet (s), Imams (a), angels close to God and the one in the grave for the permission to enter (his shrine). Usually, the text for Idhn dukhul is installed or inscribed at the entrance of the shrines and visitors enter after reciting it.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from in اذن دخول Farsi WikiShia.