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Muhammad b. Imam al-Sadiq

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Descendant of Imam
Muhammad b. Imam al-Sadiq
Father Imam al-Sadiq (a)
Mother Hamida
Spouse(s) Khadija bt. 'Abd Allah b. al-Hasan
Demise 203/818-9
Place of Burial Khurasan

Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar (Arabic: محمد بن جعفر) (d. 203/818-9), well known as Muḥammad al-Dībāj (محمد الدیباج), was one of the children of Imam al-Sadiq (a). He revolted against Abbasids in 199/814-5; but he was captured by al-Ma'mun. Muhammad died in Khurasan and al-Ma'mun performed his funeral prayer.

Introduction

Muhammad son of Imam al-Sadiq (a) was among the scholars of his time and a transmitter of the hadiths of his father. He was titled as "Dibaj" because he was good-looking; but, his hadiths are considered weak and unreliable. He was a brave and generous person. He agreed with Zaydiyya about armed uprising. Khadija bt. 'Abd Allah b. al-Hasan was his wife.

Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khadija
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Mariya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Lady Fatima
 
 
 
Ibrahim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam Ali
 
 
 
 
Umm al-Banin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Husayn
 
 
Imam al-Hasan
 
Lady Zaynab
 
Umm Kulthum
 
Muhsin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Abd Allah
 
Uthman
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
'Awn
 
Ali
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Umm Kulthum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hasan
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Fatima
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd Allah
 
Zaynab
 
Ibrahim
 
Al-Hasan
 
al-Hasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
Ibrahim
 
Idris
 
 
 
 
 
Nafisa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sajjad
 
'Ali al-Akbar
 
'Ali al-Asghar
 
Fatima
 
Sukayna
 
Ruqayya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Baqir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sadiq
 
'Abd Allah
 
Ibrahim
 
'Ubayd Allah
 
'Ali
 
Yahya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Kazim
 
Muhammad
 
Ali
 
Ishaq
 
Umm Farwa
 
'Abd Allah
 
Isma'il
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Rida
 
Ma'suama
 
Hamza
 
Ishaq
 
Ahmad
 
Ibrahim
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Imam al-Jawad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hadi
 
Musa
 
Fatima
 
Hakima
 
Amama
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-'Askari
 
Husayn
 
Muhammad
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
Imam al-Mahdi
 
 


Uprising Against Abbasid

In 199/814 and according to some reports in 200/814, he made an uprising against al-Ma'mun in Mecca. They say that he did not agree to make an uprising first and did it after he was encouraged by some of his companions and family members. His uprising was contemporary with a rebellion taken place at the beginning of the caliphate of al-Ma'mun and at the same time, different uprisings were made by Alids and other dissidents of Abbasids in Islamic lands, including the uprising of Ibn Tabataba which gained many successes in Iraq at that time.

Another Alids named Husayn b. Hasan Aftas took the power in Mecca. According to some reports, Husayn b. Aftas who encountered people's dissent and also saw the failure of other uprisings, went to Muhammad al-Dibaj and offered him the caliphate to use his popularity. Muhammad did not accept first, until after the insistence of his son and Husayn Aftas. According to al-Mas'udi, Muhammad al-Dibaj was first a follower of Ibn Tabataba and called people toward him. After the death of Ibn Tabataba, he claimed the caliphate and was called "Amir al-Mu'minin".

His Presence Before al-Ma'mun

Isa Juludi was the commander of the soldiers sent by al-Ma'mun to fight al-Dibaj. After some encounters in Hijaz and regions surrounding Mecca, he defeated the companions of Muhammad and captured him. After being captured, al-Dibaj spoke in Mecca for people, expressed his regret and said, "I was told that al-Ma'mun has died and thus I accepted the caliphate." According to some reports, when Imam al-Rida (a) was martyred, Muhammad b. Ja'far was in Khurasan and al-Ma'mun summoned him together with other Sayyids, the day after the martyrdom of Imam al-Rida (a) and informed them about it.

Tomb attributed to Muhammad b. Ja'far in Damqhan, Iran

Demise

Muhammad passed away in Khurasan. Al-Ma'mun participated in his funeral and performed funeral Prayer on his body.

In Iran, there are some graves attributed to Muhammad al-Dibaj. One of the graves attributed to Muhammad al-Dibaj is in Dibaj of Damghan, another is in Shaligan village in Dargaz, another is Imamzadeh Aq Imam in Azadshahr and another grave is attributed to him in Qazvin.

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