Muhammad b. Jarir b. Rustam al-Tabari
- For other people named Muhammad b. Jarir al-Tabari, see Muhammad b. Jarir al-Tabari (disambiguation).
|Full Name||Muhammad b. Jarir b. Rustam al-Tabari|
|Well-Known As||Abu Ja'far|
|Death||second half of the 3rd/9th or early 4th/10th century|
|Students||Hasan b. Hamza al-Tabari|
|Works||al-Mustarshid fi l-Imama • al-Fadih • al-Idah • al-Ruwat 'an Ahl al-Bayt (a)|
Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. Jarīr b. Rustam al-Āmulī al-Ṭabarī, (Arabic: ابوجَعفَر مُحَمَّد بن جَرير بن رُستَم الآمُلي الطَبَري) is an Imami theologian in the third/ninth century and the author of al-Mustarshid fi l-imama.
There are two other people named Muhammad b. Jarir al-Tabari, one is the author of al-Tarikh al-Tabari and the other the author of Dala'il al-imama, because of this, some mistakes are made about his religion and works in the later sources.
The content of his book, al-Mustarshid, shows that he was an Imami theologian, However Ibn Hajar calls him a Mu'tazili theologian but provides no evidence for this claim. Name similarity between him and Muhammad b. Jarir b. Yazid al-Tabari, the famous Sunni historian and exegete, caused some mistakes, for example there is a poem about the Sunni al-Tabari composed by Abu Bakr al-Khawarazmi which contains some information about his religion and life, and Ibn Abi l-Hadid has mistakenly thought this poem is about the Shi'a Ibn Jarir al-Tabari.
- Main article: al-Mustarshid fi l-Imama
The sole surviving work of Ibn Rustam, is titled: al-Mustarshid fi l-imama (the guidance seeker in leadership) which has been published in Najaf, undated.
Al-Najashi ascribes the same book with the same title to Ibn Rustam and reports the content of the book third hand. In the al-Fihrist of al-Tusi, too, a book with the same title has been ascribed to him. Ibn Nadim, however, ascribes al-Mustarshid to al-Tabari the Historian, without mentioning Ibn Rustam.
- Other works
Beside "al-Mustarshid", Ibn Rustam has some other works to which al-Najashi and al-Shaykh al-Tusi make no reference, but Ibn Shahrashub ascribes a book titled: al-Fadih to him. Also al-Dhahabi ascribes a book titled: al-Ruwat 'an Ahl al-Bayt (a) to Ibn Rustam.
- Attribution of Dala'il al-Imama to him
- Main article: Dala'il al-imama
For a longtime Dala'il al-imama was attributed to Muhammad b. Jarir b. Rustam. For the first time, Ibn Shahrashub in his Ma'alim al-'ulama made such attribution; but close analysis of evidences and the chain of narrators in the book shows that this book was written at least one century later. Mentioning the name of Husayn b. 'Ubayd Allah al-Ghaza'iri (d.411/1020-21) followed by the phrase: "Rahimahullah" (indicating that he had already died) in the page 300, and mentioning the year 395/1004-5 in the section of the author's teachers in the page 92, shows that the book has been authored after 411/1020-21. Therefore, most of current scholars believe that this book is written by another person, but there are different views about who the author of Dala'il al-imama is.
- The material for writing this article has been mainly taken from محمد بن جریر بن رستم طبری in Farsi wikishia.