'Inayat Allah Quhpayi

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'Inayat Allah Quhpayi
Personal Information
Full Name'Inayat Allah b. 'Ali Quhpayi Najafi Isfihani
Studied inNajaf
Deathafter 1026/1617-8
Scholarly Information
Professors
WorksMajma' al-rijal

ʿInāyat Allāh Quhpāyī (Arabic: عنایت‌الله قُهْپایی) (d. after 1026/1617-8) was a Shiite scholar of rijal (knowledge of reliability or unreliability of hadith transmitters) in the eleventh century AH and the author of Majma' al-rijal, a well-known book on rijal.[1] In that book, he makes an alphabetic order of the hadith transmitters mentioned in the five books of Shiite rijal (Rijal al-Kashshi, Rijal al-Tusi, al-Fihrist by al-Tursi, Rijal al-Najashi, and Rijal Ibn al-Ghada'iri), supplemented by additional transmitters who were not mentioned in those books.[2]

Before he wrote Majma' al-rijal, 'Inayat Allah Quhpayi had organized each of the five books of Shiite rijal, except Rijal Ibn al-Ghada'iri), into alphabetic order and added comments on them.[3] Moreover, he wrote commentaries on Manhaj al-maqal by Muhammad Istarabadi and Naqd al-rijal by Mustafa Tafrishi.[4]

'Inayat Allah Quhpayi attended the lectures of Muqaddas Ardabili, al-Shaykh al-Baha'i, and 'Abd Allah al-Shushtari al-Isfahani.[5] His students are not mentioned in the relevant sources. However, Aqa Buzurg Tihrani mentions a book on rijal, whose author introduces himself as Abu l-Hasan b. 'Abd Allah, a student of Quhpayi.[6] Aqa Buzurg believes that he is probably Abu l-Hasan b. 'Abd Allah al-Kashi (d. after 1020/1611-2).[7]

Quhpayi is titled as al-Zaki al-Najafi.[8] There are disagreements about his lineage. Some biographers believe that he was originally from Kuhpayeh, a town in eastern Isfahan[9], and others believe that he was from Najaf.[10] 'Abd Allah al-Afandi, a biographer, holds that he was originally from Najaf, although he was born in Kuhpayeh.[11] He lived in Najaf and Isfahan, and for a short time, he lived in Kuhpayeh at the command of Abbas I.[12]

There is no information about the date of his death. According to Ja'far Sobhani, a contemporary Shiite theologian and scholar of rijal, since Quhpayi transcribed the book Man la yahduruh al-faqih in 1026 AH, his death must have been after this date.[13]

Notes

  1. Khāwnsārī, Rawḍāt al-jannāt, vol. 4, p. 410.
  2. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 8, p. 381.
  3. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 8, p. 381; Āqā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Al-Dharīʿa, vol. 4, p. 55-56.
  4. Gharawī, Maʿa ʿulamā al-Najaf, vol. 1, p. 306.
  5. Khāwnsārī, Rawḍāt al-jannāt, vol. 4, p. 410.
  6. Āqā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Al-Dharīʿa, vol. 10, p. 102.
  7. Āqā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Al-Dharīʿa, vol. 6, p. 226.
  8. Khāwnsārī, Rawḍāt al-jannāt, vol. 4, p. 410.
  9. Mudarris Tabrīzī, Rayḥānat al-adab, vol. 4, p. 497; Āqā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Maṣfa al-maqāl, p. 343.
  10. Khāwnsārī, Rawḍāt al-jannāt, vol. 4, p. 410; Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 8, p. 381.
  11. Afandī Iṣfahānī, Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ, vol. 4, p. 302.
  12. Khāwnsārī, Rawḍāt al-jannāt, vol. 4, p. 410.
  13. Subḥānī, Mawsūʿat ṭabaqāt al-fuqahāʾ, vol. 11, p. 217.

References

  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Edited by Ḥasan Amīn. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1403AH.
  • Afandī Iṣfahānī, ʿAbd Allāh. Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ wa ḥiyāḍ al-fuḍalāʾ. Edited by Aḥmad Ḥusaynī Ashkwarī. Beirut: Muʾassisa Tārīkh al-ʿArabī, 1431 AH.
  • Āqā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa. Edited by ʿAlī Naqī Munzawī and Aḥmad Munzawī. Beirut: 1403 AH.
  • Āqā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Maṣfa al-maqāl fī muṣannafī al-ʿilm al-rijāl. Edited by Aḥmad Munzawī. 1st edition. Tehran: Chāpkhāna-yi Dawlatī Iran, 1378 Ah.
  • Gharawī, Muḥammad. Maʿa ʿulamā al-Najaf. Beirut: Dār al-Thaqalayn, 1420 AH.
  • Mudarris Tabrīzī, Muḥammad ʿAlī. Rayḥānat al-adab. [n.p]. Khayyām, 1369 Sh.
  • Subḥānī, Jaʿfar. Mawsūʿat ṭabaqāt al-fuqahāʾ. Qom: Muʾassisat Imām al-Ṣādiq (a), 1418 AH.