Muhammad b. Isma'il b. Abd al-Jabbar al-Ha'iri
|Well-Known As||Abu Ali al-Ha'iri|
|Religious Affiliation||Twelver Shi'a|
|Place of Birth||Karbala|
|Death||1215/1800-1 or 1216/1801-2|
|Professors||Wahid al-Bihbahani,Sayyid Ali al-Tabataba'i,Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Bahr al-'Ulum|
|Students||'Abd al-Ali Rashti,Mulla Ali Baghdadi al-Ha'iri|
|Works||Muntaha l-maqal fi ahwal al-rijal,Zahr al-Riyad|
Muḥammad b. Ismaʿīl b. ʿAbd al-Jabbār al-Ḥāʾirī (Arabic: مُحَمَّد بن اسماعيل بن عَبدالجَبّار الحائِري) (b. 1159/1746-7 d. 1215/1800-1 1216/1801-2), known as Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥāʾirī, was a Shi'a faqih (jurist) and scholar of 'ilm al-rijal of 13th/17th century. He was a student of Wahid al-Bihbahani, Sayyid 'Ali Tabatab'i, Sayyid Muhsin al-A'raji al-Kazimi, and Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Bahr al-'Ulum. He is the author of the book Muntaha l-maqal fi ahwal al-rijal.
Birth and Lineage
His father was from the north region of Iran, but he was born in Karbala, Iraq. He was less than 10 years old, when his father passed away. According to his father's saying, Abu Ali said that his lineage reaches Ibn Sina (Avicenna); but considering that Ibn Sina did not have any child, this lineage is dubious.
- Aqa Muhammad Baqir Bihbahani, known as al-Wahid al-Bihbahani.
- Sayyid Ali Tabataba'i
- Sayyid Muhsin al-A'raji al-Kazimi
- Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Bahr al-'Ulum.
According to his saying, Abu Ali had several trips to various regions such as Hijaz and Yemen.
Abu Ali al-Ha'iri authored some works. His most famous work is Muntaha l-maqal fi ahwal al-rijal in rijal. More than any other books, he has considered Manhaj al-maqal -written by Astarabadi- and its glosses by al-Wahid al-Bihbahani while writing this book.
According to what his son has written on the margin of his book, Muntaha l-maqal, he passed away on his way back from hajj in Najaf in 1216/1801-2 and was buried there. On the other hand, Khurasani, Khwansari said that he passed away in 1215/1800-1 in Karbala. Mudarris, also, emphasized that he was buried in Karbala.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from محمد بن اسماعیل بن عبدالحبار حائری in Farsi Wikishia.