|Author||Shaykh Ja'far al-Shushtari|
|Original title||اَلْخَصائصُ الْحُسَینیه|
|Subject||The biography of Imam al-Husayn (a), Characteristics of Imam and the Uprising of Ashura|
Al-Khaṣā'iṣ al-Ḥusaynīyya (Arabic: اَلْخَصائصُ الْحُسَینیه, literally: Husayni characteristics) is a book in Arabic by Shaykh Ja'far al-Shushtari (d. 1303/1885). In this book, the author provides a biography of Imam al-Husayn (a) and investigates the Imam's characteristics and the Uprising of Ashura. In the end, he recounts Husayni assemblies and their importance, possible problems in such assemblies, and the divine reward for visiting the mausoleum of Imam al-Husayn (a). The original title of the book is Khasa'is al-Husayn wa mazaya al-mazlum (Characteristics of al-Husayn and advantages of the oppressed). The book has been translated into different languages and was reprinted many times.
Shaykh Ja'far Shushtari was a mujtahid and preacher on minbars in Iran in thirteenth/nineteenth and fourteenth/twentieth centuries. Shaykh Ja'far devoted his life to Imam al-Husayn (a) and the tragedy of Ashura. Until his death, he preached and recited rawdas. His most important work is al-Khasa'is al-Husayniyya.
The title of the book is Khasa'is al-Husayn wa mazaya al-mazlum, which has come to be known as al-Khasa'is al-Husayniyya. In this book, al-Shushtari seeks to enumerate the characteristics of Imam al-Husayn (a); he mentions more than 300 characteristics of the Imam within thirty sections. The first volume of the book has twelve sections, and the remaining eighteen sections in the second volume are not available to us. Al-Shuhstari has, inter alia, pointed out the following characteristics of Imam al-Husayn (a): positions of witnesses from the beginning to the end of the creation, the birth and martyrdom, the day of resurrection, and an account of some miracles and supernatural acts by the Imam (a).
Researches about the Book
There are numerous commentaries on, translations, manuscripts, and publications of the book. This shows the wide impact of the book in all periods.
Sharh al-khasa'is al-Husayniyya was written by a student of al-Shushtari during his lifetime. He wrote down what he personally heard from the author.
There are numerous manuscripts of the book available to us. All of these were written during the author's lifetime:
- A manuscript in Astan Quds Razavi written in 1298/1880-1.
- A Manuscript in Vaziri Library in Yazd with the handwriting of Muhammad Baqir b. Muhammad Jawad in 1299/1881-2.
The first publication: al-Khasa'is was lithographically printed and published in Tehran] in 1303/1885-6 six months after the author's death with the efforts of Haj Fadl Allah Mustowfi Nuri based on a manuscript written by Sayyid Muhammad 'Ali Radawi.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from الخصائص الحسینیة (کتاب) in Farsi WikiShia.