Muhammad Salih Khalkhali

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Muhammad Salih Khalkhali
Personal Information
Birth 1095/1684
Residence Khalkhal
Death 1175/1762
Scholarly Information
Professors Muhammad Sadiq Ardistani
Works Commentary on "al-Qasidat al-Ya'iyya" (composed by Mir Findiriski), Gloss on al-Hikmat al-Sadiqiyya, Al-Ibanat al-Mardiyya etc.

Mullā Muḥammad Ṣāliḥ Khalkhālī (Persian: محمد صالح خلخالی) (b. 1095/1684 - d. 1175/1761-62) son of Muhammad Sa'id, was a Shi'a scholar in jurisprudence, philosophy, and mysticism of 12th/18th century. He was a student of Muhammad Sadiq Ardistani. His commentary on "al-Qasidat al-Ya'iyya" (composed by Mir Findiriski) is his most important work.

Birth and Demise

He was from Khalkhal and was buried there. Biographical books reported his birth date about 1095/1684. However, there is doubt about his demise date. Some sources reported that it was about 1134/1721-22, but most of them say it was in 1175/1761-62.


Mulla Muhammad Salih was a student of Muhammad Sadiq Ardistani. Mulla Muhammad Salih Khalkali should not be mistaken for Sayyid Salih Khalkhali, who was a student of Mirza Abu l-Hasan Jilwa (d. 1314/1896)


Some of his most important works are:

  • Commentary on "al-Qasidat al-Ya'iyya" (composed by Mir Findiriski): Written in Persian. Apparently, this is his most important work. Unlike the other two commentaries on this poem, which were influenced by Mulla Sadra's philosophical school of thought and al-Hikma al-muta'aliya , Mulla Salih's commentary is more mystical.
  • Gloss on al-Hikmat al-Sadiqiyya: Al-Hikmat al-Sadiqiyya is the script of philosophy class of Muhammad Sadiq Ardistani, which was held in Isfahan. Mulla Hamza Gilani (d. 1134/1722) compiled it and Mulla Isma'il Khaju'i (d. 1173/1760) in addition to rewriting, completing it, added an introduction to it.
  • Commentary of "Hadith al-'alam al-'ilwi": The hadith is attributed to Imam 'Ali (a). This work is a philosophical-mystical commentary on this hadith. Mulla Salih believed that 'Abd al-Rahim Damawandi's commentary did not have scholarly merits, thus he wrote this commentary on it.