Fadak fi l-tarikh (book)
|Fadak fi l-tarikh (book)|
|Author||al-Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr|
|Original title||فدك في التاريخ|
|Publisher||Markaz al-Ghadir Li-dirasat al-Islamiyya [Ghadir Center for Islamic Teachings]|
Fadak fi l-tarikh (Arabic: فَدَک فی التاریخ) is a book in Arabic written by al-Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr (b. 1353/1935 - d. 1400/1980). In this work, he deals with the historical issue of Fadak and compiled its discussions in five chapters. In these chapters, the author has explained about the life of lady Fatima al-Zahra' (a) after the demise of the Prophet (s), parts of her speech and her conversations with the First Caliph about the heritage of the prophets (a), and also the geo-political history of Fadak and its material and spiritual values.
- Main article: Al-Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr
Al-Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr (b. 1353/1935 - d. 1400/1980) was a Shi'a authority, intellectual and political activist in Iraq. He acquired religious sciences before Ayatollah al-Khoei and some scholars in Najaf and finished his educations before the age of twenty and began teaching religious sciences in the seminary of Najaf. The books Falsafatu-na, Iqtisadu-na, Durus fi ilm al-usul (known as Halaqat) are among his most important works.
An Analytical and Unbiased Book
Fadak fi l-tarikh is an analytical book and its author tried to write it in an unbiased manner so that he would not be influenced by sectarian inclinations. To al-Sadr, the author of the book, the story of Fadak was not a dispute over the ownership of Fadak, but it was a completely political issue. Therefore, in this book, he dealt with the political aspects of this event.
Manner of Writing
In the introduction of the book, the author introduces this book a product of the opportunity he found in one of the holidays of the seminary of Najaf. He says that he took best use of this opportunity to dedicate it to one of the major issues in the history of Islam which was about Fadak and a dispute between Lady Fatima (a) and the First Caliph. Al-Sayyid al-Sadr explained that he achieved certain ideas, developed some thoughts and wrote some notes so that once he could one day study the documents about Fadak and discuss its situation and conditions and use them as a basis for a complete research on this topic. Therefore, he compiled some chapters which formed a treatise. Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr intended to keep it with himself as a note for one day it would be needed, until one of his friends proposed to him that he would carry out publishing it.
Chapters of the Book
The book is compiled in five chapters:
- Upon the scene of uprising: In this chapter, al-Sayyid al-Sadr considered the movement of Lady Fatima (a) after the demise of the Prophet (s), a great uprising recorded with all its vastness in the history. He then explains about different scenes of this uprising.
- The true and hidden meanings of Fadak: This chapter includes geographical features of Fadak and its political history and speaks about handing it over between caliphs and the descendants of the Ahl al-Bayt (a).
- Political contest of caliphs with Imam Ali (a): In this chapter, the author explains about the political contest of caliphs with Imam Ali (a) and their roles in providing the ground for the caliphate of Umayyads.
- Parts of the speech of Lady Fatima (a): Analysis of some parts of Lady Fatima's (a) speech
- Final assessment of the story: Lady Fatima's (a) giving reference from the Qur'an to defend wilaya.
Translation and Publication
The first publication of this book was made by the research of Abd al-Jabbar Sharara in 1415/1994, by Markaz al-Ghadir Li-dirasat al-Islamiyya [Ghadir Center for Islamic Teachings].
- The material for this article is mainly taken from فدک فی التاریخ (کتاب) in Farsi WikiShia.