Hamza b. al-Imam al-Kazim (a)

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Descendant of Imam
Hamza b. al-Imam al-Kazim (a)
ضریح مطهر امامزاده حمزه بن موسی علیه السلام.jpg
Name Hamza b. Imam Musa al-Kazim (a)
Kunya Abu l-Qasim
Father Imam al-Kazim (a)
Mother Umm Ahmad
Place(s) of Residence Rey, Iran
Place of Burial Rey

Ḥamza b. Mūsā b. Jaʿfar al-Kāẓim (a) (Arabic:حَمزَة بن مُوسی بن جَعفَر الکاظِم) was a son of Imam al-Kazim (a). He was a knowledgeable scholar and was especially popular among people. According to some reports, companions of al-Ma'mun killed him.

Birth and Lineage

The father of Hamza was Imam Musa b. Ja'far al-Kazim (a) and his mother, according to the author of Muntakhab al-tawarikh, was Umm Ahmad. Therefore, Hamza, brother of Ahmad b. Musa (a), known as Shah Chiragh and according to a report, his mother was Umm Walad. His Kunya was Abu l-Qasim.

Due to lack of enough reports, there is no exact information about the date of his birth.

Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khadija
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Fatima
 
 
 
Imam Ali
 
 
 
 
Umm al-Banin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Husayn
 
Imam al-Hasan
 
Lady Zaynab
 
Umm Kulthum
 
Muhsin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Abd Allah
 
Uthman
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
'Awn
 
Ali
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Umm Kulthum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hasan
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Fatima
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd Allah
 
Zaynab
 
Ibrahim
 
Al-Hasan
 
Hasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
Ibrahim
 
 
Idris
 
 
 
Nafisa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sajjad
 
'Ali al-Akbar
 
 
'Ali al-Asghar
 
 
Fatima
 
Sukayna
 
Ruqayya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Baqir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sadiq
 
'Abd Allah
 
Ibrahim
 
'Ubayd Allah
 
'Ali
 
Yahya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Kazim
 
Muhammad
 
Ali
 
Ishaq
 
Umm Farwa
 
'Abd Allah
 
Isma'il
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Rida
 
Ma'suama
 
Hamza
 
Ishaq
 
Ahmad
 
Ibrahim
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Jawad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hadi
 
 
Musa
 
 
 
 
Fatima
 
 
 
Amama
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari
 
 
Husayn
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Mahdi
 
 


In the View of Great People

After 'Abd al-'Azim al-Hasani went to Rey, he visited the grave of Hamza b. Musa and upon his visit, said, "This is the grave of best of men among the children of Musa b. Ja'far (a)."

Although 'Abd al-'Azim had a great position, he always went to visit Hamza b. Musa's grave and introduced him to his companions and students with confidence.

A treatise attributed to Sahib b. 'Abbad, the scholar of 4th/10th century written about 'Abd al-'Azim and has mentioned this point.

About him, Damin b. Shadqam wrote, "He was a knowledgeable man who guarded religion and had a great position and high status. His power and dignity was well-known among the scholars and lay people and he achieved a great and especial popularity among people."

In Tuhfat al-za'ir, al-'Allama al-Majlisi wrote that, "His respected grave was near the grave of 'Abd al-'Azim and is apparently the same child of Imam (a) whom Sayyid ['Abd al-'Azim] visited and must be visited. It is narrated from the author of al-Mujiddi fi ansab al-talibin that Hmaza b. Musa (a) was titled as Abu l-Qasim.

About him, Muhaddith Qummi said, “Indeed, Hamza son of Musa (a) was a Sayyid of great position. Near the Shrine of Shah 'Abd al-'Azim, there is a grave with a great shrine attributed to him and is visited by all people.”

According to him, “It is mentioned in the report of al-Najashi that when 'Abd al-Azim Hasani was living in Rey in disguise, hidden from Abbasids and their agents, he fasted the days and at nights, stood for prayers. He went out and visited a grave and he said that it was the grave of one of the children of Musa b. Ja'far (a).”

His Martyrdom or Demise

There is no accurate information about the demise of Hamza b. Musa (a). In the references about his life, no information is mentioned about this issue and Islamic scholars and historians have not made any research in this regard.

According to some reports, some supporters of Ma'mun rebelled against Hamza and martyred him, until his friends buried him in a garden.

In A'yan al-Shi'a, Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin quoted from Bihar al-anwar, “Hamza b. Musa (a) went to Khurasan together with his brother, Imam al-Rida (a). He was completely at the service of his brother and strived to fulfill his needs. When they arrived in Susamar (a village of unknown location), some agents of Ma'mun attacked them and martyred him. Then, Imam al-Rida (a) buried him in a garden.”

His Children

Ali: He died and left no children behind. He was buried in Bab Istakhr of Shiraz. Qasim known as Qasim A'rabi: He left a great line of Sayyid descendants after himself. Hamza: Many Sayyids descended after him in Balkh and Khurasan. Safavid kings are descendants of Hamza b. Hamza.

Attributed Tombs

Many tombs in Iran and other countries are attributed to Hamza b. Musa (a), in Kashmar, between Mahshahr and Hindijan, Shiraz, Bawanat in Fars province, Kazerun, Qom, Esfarayen, Sirjan, Hillah, Shirvan, Kakharan three kilometers away from Ardabil, Tabriz, Qazvin and Rey.

Evidences for His Tomb in Rey

In Mazarat Ahl al-Bayt (a) wa tarikhuha, Muhammad Husayn Husayni Jalali has written, “One of the reasons for living Sayyid 'Abd al-'Azim Hasani in Rey was Hamza b. Musa (a).” This fact is also mentioned in his Ziyarat Nama, “O visitor of the best man among the children of Musa b. Ja'far (a).”

According to some reports, a group of advocates of Ma'mun revolted and martyred Hamaza and his friends buried him in a garden in Rey.

Hirz al-Din has said, “The tomb of Hamza is well-known in Rey and is attached to the south of the tomb of Sayyid 'Abd al-'Azim Hasani. It has a great and tall dome and precious darih and windows. It is not unknown to people that several tombs in different cities are attributed to Hamza b. Musa (a), and the one in Rey is one of the most famous among them. He was among great scholars, a faqih and God-wary. He accepted the imamate of his brother, Ali b. Musa al-Rida (a) and served him in Medina. He obeyed Imam's (a) order and was among his companions and served him at home and in journeys.

Khwansari in Rawdat al-Jannat and Rida Quli Khan in Rawdat al-safay Nasiri have mentioned the grave of Hamza in Rey.

Sayyid 'Abd al-Razzaq Kamuna Husayni has mentioned, “the tomb of Hamza b. Musa (a) is in Rey as Sayyid Mahdi Qazwini has mentioned it in Fulk al-najat."

According to the researcher and scholar in lineage studies, Hamza was a knowledge and God-wary and sincerely obeyed his brother, Imam al-Rida (a) and always sought his contentment.

References