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From today's featured article

ʿAlī b. Mūsā (a) (Arabic: علي بن موسی) (b. 148/765 – d. 203/818) is the eighth Imam of Twelver Shia. His teknonym was Abū l-Ḥasan and his most famous title was al-Riḍā. He (a) was Imam for 20 years. Imam al-Rida (a) was born in Medina and was martyred in Tus.

Al-Ma'mun al-'Abbasi brought Imam al-Rida (a) to Khorasan by force and despite Imam's will made him heir apparent. The debate sessions al-Ma'mun al-Abbasi held between Imam al-Rida (a) and personalities of other religions and schools of thought are famous.

He was martyred by al-Ma'mun in Tus. The holy shrine of Imam al-Rida (a) is located in Mashhad and every year millions of Muslims from different countries visit it.

His lineage is mentioned as 'Ali son of Musa son of Ja'far son of Muhammad son of 'Ali son of Husayn son of 'Ali b. Abi Talib. His teknonym was Abu l-Hasan. His most famous title was al-Rida. Some sources said al-Ma'mun gave him this title but Imam al-Jawad (a), in a hadith, said Allah gave his father this title (al-Rida). Al-Sabir, al-Radi, and al-Wafi are among his titles. He is also known as "the knowledgeable among the progeny of the Prophet (s)". It is reported that Imam al-Kazim (a) would address his children saying: "Your brother, Ali b. Musa, is the the knowledgeable among the progeny of the Prophet (s)."

Imam al-Rida's (a) birthday has been reported to be on Thursday or Friday, Dhu l-Qa'da 11, Dhu l-Hijja, or Rabi' I of 148/765, 766 or 153/770. Al-Kulayni reported Imam's (a) birthday in 148/765, which is agreed by most historians.

Al-Shaykh al-Saduq wrote about Imam's (a) mother that, "she was a concubine called Tuktam when Imam al-Kazim (a) owned her. When Imam al-Rida (a) was born, Imam al-Kazim (a) named her Tahirah." Al-Saduq says, "Some have said that the name of Imam al-Rida's (a) mother was Sakan al-Nawbiyya. She was also called al-Arwi, Najma, and Samana; and her teknonym was Umm al-Banin.

In another account it is mentioned that Imam's (a) mother was a pious concubine called Najma who was bought by Hamida, Imam al-Kazim's (a) mother, and gifted to Imam al-Kazim (a) who called her Tahira after she gave birth to Imam al-Rida (a). It has been said that Imam al-Rida's (a) mother was from Nawba.

[[Imam Ali b. Musa al-Rida (a)|Full article ...]]


From today's Good article

Daḥw al-Arḍ (Arabic: دَحوُ الأرض) is Dhu l-Qa'da 25, which is, according to some hadiths, the spreading of the Earth out of water at the time of creation. In Islam, Dahw al-Ard counts as a virtous day of the year. In hadiths, it is strongly recommended in hadiths that worships such as fasting and prayer be performed on this day.

"Dahw al-Ard" is a terminology in the Quran and hadiths. The word, "dahw", means to spread, to expand, to remove something from its place, and the phrase, "dahw al-ard", means the spreading of the Earth.

By "Dahw al-Ard" is meant the coming of the lands out of water which used to cover the Earth. According to hadiths and old Islamic sources, the Earth was first completely covered with water, and the lands later came out. The day on which the lands came out of water is called "Dahw al-Ard". According to accounts of the local history of Mecca, the first land that came out of the water was the Ka'ba in Mecca. There are reservations and disagreements regarding the literal meaning of "Dahw al-Ard" and the reliability of hadiths in this respect.

According to hadiths and books of fiqh, the date of Dahw al-Ard is Dhu l-Qa'da 25, and it is recommended to fast on this day. According to old sources, Dahw al-Ard occurred in the month of Mehr in the solar calendar (roughly October). Some historical events about great prophets have allegedly occurred on Dahw al-Ard, i.e. Dhu l-Qa'da 25, such as

The root, "d-h-w" (د-ح‌-و), is used only once in the Quran 79:30; and after that He spread out the earth, in the form of singular, masculine, third-person past tense. Exegetes of the Quran have commented on the creation of the Earth and its spreading (dahw) under this verse.

The Quran tells us nothing about how the Earth was spread and where the process started. As to the time of the event, the Quran only says, "after that", which is a matter of dispute among the exegetes of the Quran as to what time it refers to.

[[Dahw al-Ard|Full article ...]]



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WikiShia is a free online encyclopedia about Shi'a, one of the major denominations in Islam. This wiki contains 4,267 pages about Shi'a in 15 languages including English, Farsi, Arabic, Spanish, French, Bahasa Indonesia, Turkish, Urdu, German, Russian, Chinese, Tajik, Bengali, Indian and Swahili. WikiShia is affiliated with Ahl al-Bayt (a) World Assembly.


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In the news

جمعی از بانوان شیعه از کشورهای آفریقا در جریان فعالیت‌های مجمع جهانی اهل بیت(ع) قرار گرفتند
  • Celebrating the birth of Lady Fatimah al-Zahra' (a) at Islamic Centre of England
  • A group of Shiite women (in the photo) from African countries were informed about the activities of the Ahl al-Bayt (a) World Assembly.
  • Honoring the wife of Martyr Ayatollah Hakim in Qom and Tehran.
  • Shaykh Na'im Qasim's criticism of the double standards of America and the West
  • Ayat Allah Ramadani: Charlie Hebdo magazine's insult to the leader of the revolution is not compatible with any of the rules of freedom of expression.
  • The statement of the Ahl al-Bayt (a) Assembly of Syria condemning the insult of the offensive French publication.
  • Ayat Allah Ramadani: The Ahl al-Bayt (a) World Assembly is the connecting link between the authority and the followers of Ahl al-Bayt (a).


On this day

4 June



15 Dhu al-Qi'dah More anniversaries: June 3 · June 4 · June 5


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