Awa'il al-maqalat (book)

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Awa'il al-maqalat
Authoral-Shaykh al-Mufid
Original titleأوائِل المَقالات فی المَذاهِب و المُختارات
PublishedBeirut, 1414/1993-4
PublisherDar al-Mufid

Awāʾil al-maqālāt (Arabic: أوائل المقالات) is an Arabic book written by al-Shaykh al-Mufid. The author has discussed the theology of Shi'a and other important sects of his time in the book.


Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Nu'man al-'Ukbari al-Baghdadi, famously known as al-Shaykh al-Mufid, is one of the greatest Twelver Shi'a scholars of the late 4th/10th and early 5th/11th century. He was a student of al-Shaykh al-Saduq. Sayyid al-Radi, al-Sayyid al-Murtada and al-Shaykh al-Tusi were his students. He was one of the great revivers of Islamic studies and one of the diligent promoters of Shi'a culture and disseminators of Shi'a jurisprudence.


The full name of the book is "Awa'il al-maqalat fi al-madhahib al-mukhtarat." Aqa Buzurg Tihrani has mentioned this book by the same title and counted it as a work from al-Shaykh al-Mufid. Al-Najashi, also, mentioned this book as "Awa'il al-maqalat."

Cause of Writing

Al-Shaykh al-Mufid wrote this book at the request of his student, al-Sayyid al-Murtada to explain these issues:

  1. Differences between Shi'a and Mu'tazila and the cause of their naming
  2. Differences between Imamiyya Shi'a and other Shi'a sects such as Zaydiyya
  3. Common theological beliefs between Shi'a and Mu'tazila and their different opinions.
  4. Different opinions and beliefs about theological issues.
  5. Rational discussions that underlie theological issues.