Iman Abi Talib (book)
|Original title||إیمانُ أبی طالب|
Imān Abī Ṭālib (a) (Arabic: إیمانُ أبی طالب) is a book in Arabic written by al-Shaykh al-Mufid (d. 413/1022) about the life of Abu Talib and proving his faith in the Holy Prophet (s). In this book, al-Shaykh al-Mufid mentions rational and traditional reasons for the faith of Abu Talib, father of Imam Ali (a) and reports about his support of the Prophet (s). To prove the faith of Abu Talib, the author brings his many poems in praise of the Prophet (s).
About the Author
Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Nu'man, known as al-Shaykh al-Mufid was born near Baghdad in 336/948. In the fifth article in al-Fihrist, Ibn Nadim speaks about Shia scholars of Kalam and praises al-Shaykh al-Mufid as "Ibn al-Mu'allim".
While the enemies of Imam Ali (a) rejected the faith of Abu Talib to question Imam Ali's (a) personality, Shi'a historians mention that Abu Talib was the first helper and supporter of the Prophet (s). Until the end of his life, Abu Talib did not give up any efforts in support and defense of the Prophet (s). Thus, al-Shaykh al-Mufid wrote this book to introduce and support him.
Some other Shi'a and Sunni scholars have written books about this issue.
Manner of Writing and Importance
Al-Shaykh al-Mufid wrote this book in a style similar to his other works in kalam. He introduced the personality and faith of Abu Talib by referring to the verses of the Qur'an, hadiths of the Prophet (s) and Imams (a), through rational reasons, by referring to poems of Abu Talib in praise of the Prophet (s) and his efforts in defense and support of the Prophet (s). Due to the position of the author, this book has a special significance and is among sources of Bihar al-anwar.
A manuscript of this book is in the public and central library of Mashhad, which has been written by Taj al-Din Sa'id in Jami' mosque of Isfahan in 986/1578-9.
It has been printed by Dar al-Mufid publications in Beirut in 1414/1993-4.