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Suwar al-Mathani

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Suwar al-Mathānī (Arabic: سبع المثاني, literally: second or secondary suras) are famously the suras that follow Suwar Mi'in (one-hundred suras). Their contents tend to be moral and doctrinal (e.g. the truth of the Qur'an, revelation, prophethood, and resurrection). There is a dispute over the number of such suras. According to 'Abd Allah b. Mas'ud's Mushaf as quoted by al-Suyuti, they are as follows:

There are controversies as to why they are called “Mathani.” According to Muhammadi Rayshahri, the word “mathani” is a plural form of “mathna” (literally, the second or secondary), since they are second to Suwar Tiwal (literally: long suras). It seems that Suwar Tiwal are the beginning suras of the Qur'an, which are followed by Suwar Mathani in the second stage. Muhammad Hadi Ma'rifat has referred to suras with fewer than one hundred verses as “Mathani.” In his view, the reason for the appellation is that they are repeatable, and because they are not long, they are repeated more than one time.

According to a hadith from the Prophet (s), Suwar al-Mathani were revealed to him as his “zabur.”

Notes

References

  • Suyūṭī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Bakr al-. Al-Itqān fī ʿulūm al-Qurʾān. Edited by Fawāz Aḥmad. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿArabi, 1421 AH.
  • Suyūṭī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Bakr al-. Al-Durr al-manthūr fī tafsīr al-maʾthūr. Qom: Kitābkhāna-yi Āyatullāh Marʿashī al-Najafī, 1404 AH.