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Sura al-Munafiqun

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This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Munafiqun; to read its text see text:Sura al-Munafiqun.
Sura al-Munafiqun
al-Jumu'a← →al-Taghabun
سوره منافقون.jpg
Sura Number 63
Juz' 28
Revelation Number 105
Makki/Madani Madani
Verse Count 11
Word Count 180
Letter Count 800

Sūra al-Munafiqūn (The Hypocrites) is the sixty third sura of the Qur'an. It is a Madani sura located in the juz' twenty eight. Sura al-Munafiqun is about hypocrites and speaks about their actions and characteristics. This sura orders the Prophet (s) to be cautious about the danger of hypocrites and advises believers to give in the way of God and keep away from hypocrisy.

In Tafsir al-Qummi, it is mentioned that the verse eight [1] of this sura was revealed about 'Abd Allah b. Ubayy who wanted to expel the Immigrants from Medina. About the merits of recitation of this sura, it is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Munafiqun, will be cleansed from any hypocrisy.


  • Naming

This sura is called al-Munafiqun because its main topic is the hypocrites.[2]

  • Place and Order of Revelation

Sura al-Munafiqun is a Madani and the 105th sura revealed to the Prophet (s). It is now the sixty third sura of the Qur'an [3] located in the juz' twenty eight.

  • Number of Verses and Other Features

Sura al-Munafiqun has eleven verses, 180 words and 800 letters. It is among Mufassalat suras (having several short verses) and is relatively short.[4]


Sura al-Munafiqun describes hypocrites and shows their bitter enmity towards Muslims. In this sura, the Prophet (s) is ordered to be cautious about the danger of hypocrites. It also advises believers to spend in the way of God (infaq) and keep away from hypocrisy.[5]

Content of Sura al-Munafiqun[6]
Disclosing the nature of hypocrites
First speech: verses 1-6
Religious nature of hypocrites
Second speech: verses 7-8
Plots of hypocrites
Third speech: verses 9-11
Means of saving faith from hypocrisy
First issue: verses 1-3
False claim of believing in God and the Prophet (s)
First issue: verse 7
Trying to impose economic sanction on believers
First measure: verse 9
Not to become negligent about God
Second issue: verse 4
Second issue: verse 8
Trying to subvert the Islamic system
Second measure: verses 10-11
Giving in the way of God
Third issue: verses 5-6
Arrogant encounter of hypocrites with the Prophet (s)

Occasion of Revelation

About the occasion of revelation of sura al-Munafiqun, it is mentioned in Tafsir al-Qummi that in one of the battles of the Prophet (s), two of his companions disputed over pulling water from a well and one of the Helpers (Ansar) was injured. 'Abd Allah b. Ubayy became very angry of hearing that and threatened that when they return to Medina, he would expel abased people from that city.[7] These words of 'Abd Allah which meant his wish to expel the Immigrants (Muhajirin) from Medina is mentioned in the verse eight of sura al-Munafiqun, "they say, 'When we return to the city, the mighty will surely expel the abased from it.'"[8]

Zayd b. Arqam who witnessed this event, quoted the words of 'Abd Allah for the Prophet (s), but 'Abd Allah went to the Prophet (s) and gave testimony about the Oneness of God and the mission of His Prophet (s) and rejected the words of Zayd. Shortly afterwards, the verses one to eight of Sura al-Munafiqun were revealed.[9]

Merits and Benefits

In Majma' al-bayan, it is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Munafiqun, will be cleansed of any hypocrisy.[10] Based on another hadith mentioned in Thawab al-a'mal, Imam al-Sadiq (a) advised Shi'a to recite the Qur'an 62 and al-Munafiqun in the Zuhr prayer on Friday. It is mentioned in this hadith that, whoever does so, is like having done the Prophet's (s) action and his reward is entering the paradise.[11]

According to the view of some jurists, reciting Sura al-Munafiqun is recommended in the second rak'a of Friday prayer.[12]

External Links


  1. They say, ‘When we return to the city, the mighty will surely expel the weak from it.’ Yet all might belongs to Allah and His Apostle and the faithful, but the hypocrites do not know.
  2. Makārim Shīrāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 24, p. 143.
  3. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 168.
  4. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1256.
  5. Ṭabāṭabāʾī, al-Mīzān, vol. 19, p. 278.
  6. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  7. Qummī, Tafsīr al-Qummī, vol. 2, p. 368.
  8. Qummī, Tafsīr al-Qummī, vol. 2, p. 369.
  9. Qummī, Tafsīr al-Qummī, vol. 2, p. 369-370.
  10. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 437.
  11. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 118.
  12. Khomeini, Tawḍīḥ al-masāʾil, vol. 1, p. 848.


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