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Peace Treaty of Imam al-Hasan (a)

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The peace treaty of Imam al-Ḥasan (a) (Arabic: صلح الإمام الحسن (ع)) refers to a peace treaty between Imam al-Hasan (a) with Mua'wiya in 41/661, after Imam Ali's (a) demise. This treaty was made after the war whose cause was Mu'awiya's greed and his rejection to pledge allegiance to Imam al-Hasan (a), caliph of Muslims. It is said that due to people's disloyalty, some commanders' betrayal, protection of Shi'as, and the threat of Khawarij, Imam al-Hasan (a) was forced to sign the treaty. Based on this peace treaty, caliphate was handed on to Mu'awiya. This treaty included some provisions, the most important of which was Mu'awiya not assigning a successor, not to conspire against Imam al-Hasan (a), and to protect Muslims' lives. Mu'awiya conformed to none of these conditions afterwards.


Caliphate of Imam al-Hasan (a)