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Rabi' I

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Lunar Hijri Calendar

Rabīʿ al-Awwal (Arabic: رَبیع الأوَّل) is the third month of the lunar year.

The word rabīʿ (Arabic: ربیع) is from the root "r-b-'a" (ر-ب-ع) which means the number four, and since spring (the season) is one-fourth of the year, it came to be called "rabi'". Both Rabi' I and Rabi' II are called "rabi' " (spring) because their appellation occurred in this season.[1]

Merits

The month is known among Shiites as the month of happiness, since the birthdays of the Prophet (s) and Imam al-Sadiq (a), and the first day of Imam al-Mahdi (a)'s imamate, have occurred in this month.

Mirza Jawad Maliki Tabrizi writes in his well-known book, al-Muraqibat, that Rabi' I is the spring of all the other months, in which the divine blessings are visible. In this month, the treasuries of divine blessings and the lights of His beauty descend on the Earth, because the Prophet (s)'s birthday has occurred in this month, and it may be said that no blessing like the Prophet (s) himself has ever been bestowed to the Earth since the beginning of its creation; the superiority of this blessing over the others is comparable to the superiority of the Prophet (s) to other creatures.[2]

Practices of Rabi' I
The first day
The ninth day
  • Feeding people in need
  • Wearing new clothes
The twelfth day
The 17th day (the birthday of the Prophet (s))
  • Ritual bath (ghusl)
  • Fasting (that is awarded by God like one year of fasting)
  • Ziyarah of the Prophet (s)
  • Ziyarah of Imam Ali (a)
  • Saying two rak'as of prayers; in each rak'a after Sura al-Hamd, one should recite Sura al-Qadr ten times and Sura al-Tawhid ten times, and recite the following orison after the prayers: "Allāhumma anta ḥayy lā tamūt…" (O' God! You are living and never die…)
  • Almsgiving

Important Events of Rabi' I


Notes

  1. Masʿūdī, Murūj al-dhahab, vol. 2, p. 188.
  2. Malikī Tabrīzī, al-Murāqibāt, p. 43.
  3. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 19, p. 60; Yūsufī Gharawī, Mawsūʿat al-tārīkh al-Islāmī, vol. 1, p. 750.
  4. Ibn ʿAsākir, Tārīkh madīnat Dimashq, vol. 69, p. 218; Ibn Khalkān, Wafayāt al-aʿyān, vol. 2, p. 396; Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 2, p. 197; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 7, p. 107.
  5. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 331; Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 1, p. 503; ʿAṭārudī, Musnad al-Imām al-ʿAskarī (a), vol. 1, p. 34.
  6. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 331; ʿAṭārudī, Musnad al-Imām al-ʿAskarī (a), vol. 1, p. 34.
  7. Qummī, Waqāʾiʿ ayyām, p. 316.
  8. Āyatī, Tārīkh-i payāmbar-i Islām, p. 43.
  9. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 180.
  10. Nayshābūrī, Taqwīm-i Shī'a, p. 94.

References

  • ʿAṭārudī, ʿAzīz Allāh. Musnad al-Imām al-ʿAskarī (a). Beirut: Dār al-Ṣafwa, [n.d].
  • Āyatī, Muḥammad Ibrāhīm. Tārīkh-i payāmbar-i Islām. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Balādhurī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-. Ansāb al-ashrāf. [n.p]. 1974.
  • Ibn Khalkān, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Wafayāt al-aʿyān wa ʾanbāʾ ʾabnāʾ al-zamān. [n.p]. 1363 Sh.
  • Ibn ʿAsākir, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥasan. Tārīkh madīnat Dimashq. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1415 AH.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Al-Kāfī. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Masʿūdī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-. Murūj al-dhahab wa maʿādin al-jawhar. Edited by Asʿad Dāghir. 2nd edition. Qom: Dār al-Hijra, 1409 AH.
  • Malikī Tabrīzī, Mīrzā Jawād Āqā. Al-Murāqibāt. Edited by Sayyid ʿAbd al-Karīm Muḥammad Mūsawī. Qom: Dār al-Iʿtiṣām, 1416 AH.
  • Muṣṭafawī, Ḥasan. Al-Tahqīq fī kalimāt al-Qur'ān al-karīm. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Irshād. [n.p]. 1372 Sh.
  • Masʿūdī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-. Murūj al-dhahab wa maʿadin al-jawhar. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. [n.p]. 1403 AH.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Waqāʾiʿ ayyām. [n.p]. 1389 Sh.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-.Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. [n.p]. 1967.
  • Yūsufī Gharawī, Muḥammad Hādī. Mawsūʿat al-tārīkh al-Islāmī. [n.p]. 1417 AH.