Dhabih Allah Mahallati

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Dhabih Allah Mahallati
Personal Information
Full NameDhabih Allah Mahallati Mushtaq 'Askari
Well-Known AsDhabih Allah Mahallati
Religious AffiliationShi'a
Place of BirthMahallat, Iran
ResidenceNajaf, Samarra, Tehran
Studied inNajaf, Samarra, Kadhimiya
Burial PlaceShrine of Hamza b. Musa, Rey, Iran
Scholarly Information
Professors'Abd al-Husayn Rashti, Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi, Muhammad Jawad Balaghi, Mirza Husayn Na'ini

Ḍhabīḥ Allah Maḥallātī Mushtāq ʿAskarī (b. 1310/1892-3 – d. 1406/1986) known as Dhabih Allah Mahallati was a Shi'a clergy and writer. In 1330/1911-2, he went to Iraq, studied in the seminaries of Najaf and Samarra and in 1376/1956, returned to Iran. He had many works including Rayahin al-shari'a, Ma'athir al-kubra fi tarikh Samarra and Fursan al-hayaja'.


  • Najaf

Dhabih Allah Mahallati acquired primary education in his birth town; and in 1330/1911-2 immigrated to Najaf and began studying in the seminary of Najaf. For 12 years, he acquired knowledge from scholars such as 'Abd al-Husayn Rashti, Sayyid Abu al-Hasan Isfahani, Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi, Muhammad Jawad Balaghi and Mirza Husayn Na'ini. He received the permission for transmitting hadiths from Sayyid Abu al-Hasan Isfahani and Mirza Husayn Na'ini.[1]

  • Samarra

In 1341/1922-3, he moved to Samarra and participated in advanced fiqhi classes and at the same time, began teaching in primary levels and also began writing. For a while, he benefited from the classes of Sayyid Hasan Sadr in Kadhimiya.[2]

Choosing Family Name

During his stay in Samarra, Iranians who lived in Samarra were addressed by the consulate of Iran that they need to choose family names and receive national identity document. Dhabih Allah Mahallati took this opportunity and chose the family name "Mushtaq 'Askari" to take blessings from al-'Askariyyayn (a) and thus he was called Dhabih Allah Mahallati Mushtaq 'Askari.[3]

Returning to Iran

Mahallati returned to Iran in 1376/1956 and stayed in Tehran. He led the congregational prayer in one of the mosques in Tehran and also wrote and preached religious rulings and teachings. During the Islamic revolution, he supported the revolution, but because of his old age, no significant activity is reported from him.[4]


Mahallati had many works and up to 60 works have been mentioned for him. Some of his most important works are:

Rayahin al-shari'a written by Dhabih Allah Mahallati


Dhabih Allah Mahallati passed away in 1406/1986 and was buried in the courtyard of the shrine of Hamza b. Musa, 'Abd al-'Azim al-Hasani.[5]


  1. Aḥmadī, Gulshan-i abrār, vol. 5, p. 475.
  2. Aḥmadī, Gulshan-i abrār, vol. 5, p. 471-472.
  3. Aḥmadī, Gulshan-i abrār, vol. 5, p. 472.
  4. Aḥmadī, Gulshan-i abrār, vol. 5, p. 472-475.
  5. Aḥmadī, Gulshan-i abrār, vol. 5, p. 481.


  • Aḥmadī, Mahdī. Gulshan-i abrār. Qom: Nūr al-Sajjād, 1384 Sh.