Abu l-Aswad al-Du'ali
|Abu l-Aswad al-Du'ali|
|Full Name||Zalim b. 'Amr b. Sufyan b. Jandal al-Du'ali|
|Companion of||Imam Ali (a)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Basra|
|Activities||Said to be the founder of Arabic syntax|
Abū l-Aswad al-Duʾalī (Arabic: أبوالأسْوَد الدُؤَلی) was a well-known poet and Tabi'i who is mostly known as a companion of Imam Ali (a) and the founder of nahw (Arabic syntax). Very little is known about his life, which is mixed with historical contradictions. After the beginning of the Battle of Jamal when Aisha had headed towards Basra, Abu l-Aswad and another person were sent by 'Uthman b. Hunayf to negotiate with Aisha.
Abu l-Aswad's companionship of Imam Ali (a), his participation in the Battle of Jamal, and pieces of poems he composed in the praise or elegy of Imam Ali (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a) led to the widespread view that he was fond of Ali (a).
According to some historical sources, he was the inventor of the science of nahw. He was also the first person who added diacritical marks to the Qur'an.
There is a disagreement in sources about the date of Abu l-Aswad's death, just like the rest of his biography. According to the majority of sources, he died in 69/688-89 when a lethal plague outbroke in Basra as a result of which many people died.
- 1 Biography
- 2 The Period of the Prophet (s)
- 3 The Period of the Three Caliphs
- 4 The Period of Imam Ali's (a) Caliphate
- 5 The Period of Imam al-Hasan (a)
- 6 The Period of Mu'awiya
- 7 The Period of Yazid
- 8 The Zubayrid Period
- 9 Scholarly and Cultural Significance