Sharif al-'Ulama'

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Muhammad Sharif al-Mazandarani
Personal Information
Full Name Mulla Muhammad Sharif b. Hasan Ali al-Amuli al-Mazandarani al-Ha'iri
Well-Known As Sharif al-'Ulama'
Residence Karbala
Studied in Seminary of Karbala
Death 1246/1830-1831
Burial Place Karbala, inside his own house
Scholarly Information
Professors Al-Sayyid Muhammad al-Mujahid • Sahib al-Riyad • Shaykh Muhammad Hasan Yasin
Students Ibrahim Musawi Qazwinial-Shaykh Murtada al-AnsariSayyid Shafi' JapalaqiFadil Darbandi
Permission for Hadith
Transmission From
Shaykh Muhammad Hasan Yasin
Teaching in Khan seminary

Muḥammad Sharīf b. Ḥasan ʿAlī al-Māzandarānī (Arabic:محمد شريف بن حسن علی المازندراني) (d. 1246/1830-1831), known as Sharīf al-ʿUlamāʾ (Arabic: شريف العلماء مازندراني), was a Shi'a Faqih (jurist) of the 13th/19th century. He was a student of al-Sayyid Muhammad al-Mujahid and Sahib Riyad. He was a teacher to al-Shaykh al-Ansari, Sayyid Shafi' Japalaqi, Mawlla Isma'il Yazdi, and Fadil Darbandi.


Sharif al-'Ulama' was originally from Amol, Mazandaran - i.e. his father was from there - so he was called al-Amuli and al-Mazandarani. He was born in Karbala and passed most of his life there, so he was called al-Ha'iri.

Teachers and Works

Muhammad Sharif has narrated hadiths from Muhammad Hasan Yasin and was his student. In Karbala, first, he was a student of al-Sayyid Muhammad al-Mujahid, then he become a student of Sahib Riyad for 9 years. Afterward he travelled to Iran. In Iran he did not stay in any town more than one or two months and because he did not find anyone for cooperation he went to Mashhad to perform Ziyara of Imam al-Rida (a) and from there he returned to Karbala.

Toward the end of the life of Sahib Riyad, students of Islamic seminary (hawza) became interested in Sharif al-'Ulama's sessions. He held different classes for: beginners, non-beginners and a special group of students on holidays. Even on holidays he held his classes. During the month of Ramadan, which is usually a holiday in Islamic seminary, he taught his student until midnight. He taught in Khan School and about one thousand students participated in his sessions.

Sharif al-'Ulama' did not author many works. His few works have not been compiled as books and mostly have not been published.

Risalat fi muqaddamat al-wajib is one of his works.


Some of his most famous students are:


Mulla Muhammad Sharif passed away by the plague outbreak in 1246/1830-31 in Karbala and was buried in his house. Nowadays, his grave is well-known.