Al-Kawthar

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This article is about a Qur'anic word. For other uses, see Kawthar (disambiguation).

Al-Kawthar (Arabic: کوثر, lit. great good[1]) is a Qur'anic word and one of the epithets of Lady Fatimah (a)[2]. It is a cognate of the Arabic word "kathīr" (کثیر), and has once appeared in the Qur'an 108: 1 (Sura al-Kawthar)[3].

There is controversy among the scholars of the Qur'anic exegesis over what is meant by "al-kawthar"[4]; it is taken to refer to a river or a stream in Heaven, a lot of good, prophecy, the Holy Scripture, the Qur'an, knowledge and wisdom, Kawthar Pond, Shafa'a, and the many companions, followers, and progeny granted by God to the Prophet (s).[5]

According to Fadl b. Hasan al-Tabrisi in Majma' al-bayan, all these probabilities could be right; because the word "kawthar" includes great good in this world as well as hereafter that encompasses all the abovementioned interpretations[6]. Fakhr al-Razi has considered the interpretation of kawthar to a river or a stream in Heaven as mashhur and mustadif[7].

For Shiite scholars of Qur'anic exegesis, "al-kawthar" refers to Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a), since al-'As b. Wa'il called Prophet Muhammad (s) "abtar", that is, a person without a progeny and offspring (since he had no sons). On this occasion, God revealed the verse in response to al-'As b. Wa'il, by saying that He will give the Prophet (s) many children through his daughter, Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a). Al-Kawthar is one of the titles of Lady Fatima (a).[8]

Distribution of Descendants of Lady Fatima (a) in the world

Today, in many countries of the world, there are Sayyids from the progeny of Lady Fatima (a). For example, in addition to Arab countries and Iran, the descendants of Idris b. Abd Allah b. Hasan, the founder of the Shi'a government of Idrisids still live in Tunisia and Morocco. In Indonesia, Habeshi, Alawi and Bakthir families are from Sayyid origins. In Yemen, there are different families from the lineages of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a). In Aswan in Egypt, there is a great family named Ju'afira who are attributed to Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (a). Sayyids of Razawi and Naqawi are in the two countries of India and Pakistan[9].

See Also

Notes

  1. Fakhr al-Rāzī, al-Tafsīr al-Kabīr, vol. 32, p. 313; Ṭabāṭabāʾī, al-Mīzān, vol. 20, p. 370.
  2. Ansari Zanjani, al-Mawsu'a al-kubra 'an Fatima al-Zahra, vol. 22, pp. 9, 25.
  3. To you we have granted al-kawthar
  4. See: Fakhr al-Rāzī, al-Tafsīr al-Kabīr, vol. 32, pp. 313-16; Ṭabāṭabāʾī, al-Mīzān, vol. 20, p. 370.
  5. See: See: Fakhr al-Rāzī, al-Tafsīr al-Kabīr, vol. 32, pp. 313-16; Ṭabāṭabāʾī, al-Mīzān, vol. 20, p. 370; Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 836.
  6. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 837.
  7. Fakhr al-Rāzī, al-Tafsīr al-Kabīr, vol. 32, p. 313.
  8. See: Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 2, p. 1269; Iḥsanīfar Langarūdī, Fāṭima kawthar-i Qurʾān, pp. 53-69.
  9. Dāghir, Yūsuf Asʿad. Maṣādir al-dirāsa al-adabīyya aʿlām al-nihḍa, vol. 4, pp. 364-66.

References

  • Anṣārī Zanjānī, Ismāʿīl. al-Mawsūʿa al-kubrā 'an Fāṭima al-Zahrā
  • Dāghir, Yūsuf Asʿad. Maṣādir al-dirāsa al-adabīyya aʿlām al-nihḍa. Beirut: al-Maktaba al-Sharqīyya, 1983.
  • Fakhr al-Rāzī, Muḥammad b. al-ʿUmar al-. Al-Tafsīr al-Kabīr. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1420 AH.
  • Iḥsanīfar Langarūdī, Muḥammad. Fāṭima kawthar-i Qurʾān. Ulum Hadith quarterly, no. 31, 1383 Sh.
  • Ṭabāṭabāʾī, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Second edition. Beirut: al-A'lami institute, 1390 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Tehran: Naṣir Khusruw, 1372 Sh.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān wa Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.