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Ibn al-Rida

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Ibn al-Riḍā (Arabic: ابن الرضا) (literally, the son of Rida) is a title for male descendants of Imam al-Rida (a), the most famous of whom were Imam al-Jawad (a),[1] Imam al-Hadi (a)[2] and Imam Hasan al-'Askari (a).[3] Musa al-Mubarqa', the son of Imam al-Jawad (a) was also among those who was called Ibn al-Rida.[4] This title was used by the companions of Imams (a) and others especially Banu 'Abbas.[5]

About the reason of using this title, some have said that Banu 'Abbas called descendants of Imam al-Rida (a), "Ibn al-Rida" to show that these people were attributed to a person who had accepted crown princeship and had a tendency toward the material world.[6] Another reason for the prevalence of this title was that the reputation of Imam al-Rida (a) for his scholarly debates with theological and religious sects among other denominations made his descendants be known as "Ibn al-Rida".[7]

Notes

  1. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 281; Ṭabrisī, Iʿlām al-warā, vol. 2, p. 101.
  2. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 301; Ṣaffār, Baṣāʾir al-darajāt, vol. 1, p. 51, 374.
  3. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 321; Rāwandī, al-Kharāʾij wa l-jarāʾiḥ, vol. 1, p. 422, 432.
  4. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 50, p. 3 (notes).
  5. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 281; Ṭabrisī, Iʿlām al-warā, vol. 2, p. 101.
  6. Pasokh.org; quoting by Ayatullāh Shubayrī Zanjānī.
  7. Pasokh.org; quoting by Ayatullāh Ḥujjat

References

  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār al-jāmiʿa li-durar akhbār al-aʾimmat al-aṭhār. 2nd edition. Tehran: Islāmiya, 1363 Sh.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Irshād fī maʿrifat ḥujaj Allāh ʿalā l-ʿibād. 1st edition. Qom: Kungira-yi Shaykh al-Mufīd, 1413 AH.
  • Rāwandī, Saʿīd b. Hibat Allāh al-. Al-Kharāʾij wa l-jarāʾiḥ. [n.p], 1409 AH.
  • Ṣaffār, Muḥammad b. Ḥasan. Baṣāʾir al-darajāt fī faḍāʾil-i Āl-i Muḥammad. [n.p], 1404 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Iʿlām al-warā bi-aʿlām al-hudā. [n.p], 1417 AH.