- Main article: Al-Batul
Batul is the epithet of Lady Fatima (a), the daughter of the Holy Prophet (s), hence, 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a), her husband, was titled "Zawj al-Batul". Delivering a sermon upon his return from the Battle of Nahrawan, he described himself as Zawj al-Batul.
- Qummī, Bayt al-aḥzān, p. 23.
- Ṣadūq, Maʿānī al-akhbār, p. 58.
- Qummī, ʿAbbās. Bayt al-aḥzān. Translated to Farsi by Ishtihārdī. Qom: [n.d].
- Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Maʿānī al-akhbār. Qom: Jāmiʿa-yi Mudarrisīn, 1403 AH.