Priority: c, Quality: b
Without references

Hakima bt. al-Imam al-Jawad (a)

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
Descendant of Imam
Hakima bt. al-Imam al-Jawad (a)
Father Imam al-Jawad (a)
Mother Samana al-Maghribiyya
Place(s) of Residence MedinaSamarra
Spouse(s) Abu 'Ali Hasan b. 'Ali al-Mar'ash
Children Husayn, Zayd, and Hamza
Demise 274/887-88
Place of Burial Holy Shrine of al-'Askariyyayn, Samarra

Ḥakīma (Arabic: حکیمة, d. 274/887-88) was the daughter of Imam al-Jawad (a). She lived in the periods of four Shiite Imams (a): Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a), and Imam al-Mahdi (a). She was alive until the Major Occultation. She was in charge of educating and training Narjis, the mother of Imam al-Mahdi (a). She witnessed the birth of Imam al-Mahdi (a). According to Shiite sources, Hakima met Imam al-Mahdi (a) during his Minor Occultation and played the role of a connection between the Imam (a) and people. She transmitted some hadiths from Imam al-Mahdi (a). She was admired by Shiite scholars and historians as a pious person. Her grave is located in Samarra in the Holy Shrine of al-'Askariyyayn.

Lineage

Hakima was the daughter of Imam Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Jawad (a). Her date of birth is not mentioned in historical sources, but since her brother, Imam al-Hadi (a), was born in 212/828, and she was, according to historical accounts, younger than her brother, she must have been born in the second decade of the 3rd/9th century, that is, between 213/829 and 220/835.

Her mother, Samana Maghribiyya, known as "Sayyida", was also the mother of Imam al-Hadi (a), Musa al-Mubarqa', and other children of Imam al-Jawad (a).

Hakima's husband was Abu 'Ali Hasan b. 'Ali al-Mar'ash, a progeny of Imam al-Sajjad (a). They had three sons: Husayn, Zayd, and Hamza.

Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khadija
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Fatima
 
 
 
Imam Ali
 
 
 
 
Umm al-Banin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Husayn
 
Imam al-Hasan
 
Lady Zaynab
 
Umm Kulthum
 
Muhsin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Abd Allah
 
Uthman
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
'Awn
 
Ali
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Umm Kulthum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hasan
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Fatima
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd Allah
 
Zaynab
 
Ibrahim
 
Al-Hasan
 
al-Hasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
Ibrahim
 
 
Idris
 
 
 
Nafisa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sajjad
 
'Ali al-Akbar
 
 
'Ali al-Asghar
 
 
Fatima
 
Sukayna
 
Ruqayya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Baqir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sadiq
 
'Abd Allah
 
Ibrahim
 
'Ubayd Allah
 
'Ali
 
Yahya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Kazim
 
Muhammad
 
Ali
 
Ishaq
 
Umm Farwa
 
'Abd Allah
 
Isma'il
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Rida
 
Ma'suama
 
Hamza
 
Ishaq
 
Ahmad
 
Ibrahim
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Jawad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hadi
 
 
Musa
 
 
 
 
Fatima
 
 
 
Hakima
 
 
 
Amama
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari
 
 
Husayn
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Mahdi
 
 


In the View of Scholars

In his Bihar al-anwar, al-'Allama al-Majlisi wrote about Hakima as follows: "there is a grave in the revered monument of al-'Askariyyayn (a) attributed to the knowledgeable pious noblewoman, Hakima, the daughter of Imam al-Jawad (a). But we do not know why there is no letter of pilgrimage (or Ziyarah) for her, despite her obvious superiority and greatness as a confidant of Imams". He then adds: "one had better visit her with words which deserve her position".

'Abd Allah Mamaqani mentioned Hakima among women who transmitted hadiths and then said: "Al-Wahid al-Bihbahani objects why no ziyarah is mentioned for her." He then adds: "still more stranger is that al-Shaykh al-Mufid did not mention Hakima among the children of Imam al-Jawad (a), and she was not mentioned in some books of history, biography, and genealogy." Al-Shaykh al-Mufid did not explicitly mentioned Hakima among the children of Imam al-Jawad (a), but in another part of the book, al-Irshad, he mentioned Hakima in chains of transmitters of hadiths as the paternal aunt of Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a).

Characteristics

Hakima saw four Shiite Imams (a). Among the daughters of Imam al-Jawad (a), she was known for her knowledge. She transmitted hadiths, including the well-known hirz of Imam al-Jawad (a).

Imam al-Hadi (a) assigned the training of Narjis, the mother of Imam al-Mahdi (a), to Hakima. She transmitted many hadiths with respect to the marriage of Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a) with Narjis and the birth of Imam al-Mahdi (a). Hakima witnessed the birth of Imam al-Mahdi and undertook some tasks of his birth. She was the first person who held Imam al-Mahdi (a) in her arms and kissed him when he was just born. She frequently met Imam al-Mahdi (a) when Imam al-'Askari (a) was alive. She was a connection between the Imam (a) and people during the Minor Occultation.

Demise

According to some scholars, the date of Hakima's demise is unknown. However, others believe that she died in 274/887 without providing any evidence.

Her grave is located in Samarra in the darih of the Holy Shrine of 'Askariyyayn (a).

References