Hakima bt. al-Imam al-Jawad (a)
|Hakima bt. al-Imam al-Jawad (a)|
|Father||Imam al-Jawad (a)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Medina • Samarra|
|Spouse(s)||Abu 'Ali Hasan b. 'Ali al-Mar'ash|
|Children||Husayn, Zayd, and Hamza|
|Place of Burial||Holy Shrine of al-'Askariyyayn, Samarra|
Ḥakīma (Arabic: حکیمة, d. 274/887-88) was the daughter of Imam al-Jawad (a). She lived in the periods of four Shiite Imams (a): Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a), and Imam al-Mahdi (a). She was alive until the Major Occultation. She was in charge of educating and training Narjis, the mother of Imam al-Mahdi (a). She witnessed the birth of Imam al-Mahdi (a). According to Shiite sources, Hakima met Imam al-Mahdi (a) during his Minor Occultation and played the role of a connection between the Imam (a) and people. She transmitted some hadiths from Imam al-Mahdi (a). She was admired by Shiite scholars and historians as a pious person. Her grave is located in Samarra in the Holy Shrine of al-'Askariyyayn.
Hakima was the daughter of Imam Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Jawad (a). Her date of birth is not mentioned in historical sources, but since her brother, Imam al-Hadi (a), was born in 212/828, and she was, according to historical accounts, younger than her brother, she must have been born in the second decade of the 3rd/9th century, that is, between 213/829 and 220/835.
Hakima's husband was Abu 'Ali Hasan b. 'Ali al-Mar'ash, a progeny of Imam al-Sajjad (a). They had three sons: Husayn, Zayd, and Hamza.
|Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)|
In the View of Scholars
In his Bihar al-anwar, al-'Allama al-Majlisi wrote about Hakima as follows: "there is a grave in the revered monument of al-'Askariyyayn (a) attributed to the knowledgeable pious noblewoman, Hakima, the daughter of Imam al-Jawad (a). But we do not know why there is no letter of pilgrimage (or Ziyarah) for her, despite her obvious superiority and greatness as a confidant of Imams". He then adds: "one had better visit her with words which deserve her position".
'Abd Allah Mamaqani mentioned Hakima among women who transmitted hadiths and then said: "Al-Wahid al-Bihbahani objects why no ziyarah is mentioned for her." He then adds: "still more stranger is that al-Shaykh al-Mufid did not mention Hakima among the children of Imam al-Jawad (a), and she was not mentioned in some books of history, biography, and genealogy." Al-Shaykh al-Mufid did not explicitly mentioned Hakima among the children of Imam al-Jawad (a), but in another part of the book, al-Irshad, he mentioned Hakima in chains of transmitters of hadiths as the paternal aunt of Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a).
Hakima saw four Shiite Imams (a). Among the daughters of Imam al-Jawad (a), she was known for her knowledge. She transmitted hadiths, including the well-known hirz of Imam al-Jawad (a).
Imam al-Hadi (a) assigned the training of Narjis, the mother of Imam al-Mahdi (a), to Hakima. She transmitted many hadiths with respect to the marriage of Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a) with Narjis and the birth of Imam al-Mahdi (a). Hakima witnessed the birth of Imam al-Mahdi and undertook some tasks of his birth. She was the first person who held Imam al-Mahdi (a) in her arms and kissed him when he was just born. She frequently met Imam al-Mahdi (a) when Imam al-'Askari (a) was alive. She was a connection between the Imam (a) and people during the Minor Occultation.
According to some scholars, the date of Hakima's demise is unknown. However, others believe that she died in 274/887 without providing any evidence.
Her grave is located in Samarra in the darih of the Holy Shrine of 'Askariyyayn (a).
- The material for this article is mainly taken from حکیمه دختر امام جواد in Farsi Wikishia.