Sura al-Hadid (Arabic: سورة الحديد) is fifty seventh sura of the Qur'an. It is a Madani sura located in juz' twenty seven. This sura is called al-Hadid because the word "al-hadid" (iron) is mentioned in verse twenty five of this sura. In this sura, topics including the unity of God, God's attributes, greatness of the Qur'an and the condition of believers and hypocrites on the Day of Judgement are mentioned.
In this sura, God urges Muslims to give in the way of God. Qard al-Hasana Verse (good loan) is among famous verses in this sura. In hadiths, releasing from the punishment in the hell, benefitting from blessings in the heaven and visiting Imam al-Mahdi (a) when he comes, are mentioned among the merits and benefits of reciting this sura.
This sura is called al-Hadid because the word "al-hadid" (iron) is mentioned in verse twenty five of this sura. It is transmitted from Imam 'Ali (a) that by sending down iron, its creation is meant. Also in another hadith from him, it is mentioned that by "iron", weapon is meant.
- Place and Order of Revelation
Sura al-Hadid is a Madani sura and in the order of revelation, it was ninety forth sura revealed to the Prophet (s). It is now fifty seventh sura in the current compilation of Qur'an, located in juz' twenty seven.
- Number of Verses and Other Features
This sura is among the seven Musabbihat suras which begin with tasbih. Sura al-Hadid has twenty nine verses, 576 words, and 2545 letters and is among Mufassalat suras (which have several short verses).
According to Tafsir al-mizan, the major message of this sura is urging people to give in the way of God which is mentioned in several places of the sura and has been considered the source of faith in God and His messenger (s).
According to Tafsir-i nimuna, the content of this sura can be divided to seven parts:
- The Unity of God and mentioning twenty attributes of God
- Greatness of the Qur'an
- Condition of believers and hypocrites on the Day of Judgement
- Inviting to faith and the destiny of previous nations who were disbelievers
- Urging to give in the way of God, especially to perform jihad in His way, and valuelessness of worldly properties
- Social justice
- Rejection of monasticism and seclusion from the society
Creation in Six Periods
|“||It is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days; then settled on the Throne. He knows whatever enters the earth and whatever emerges from it and whatever descends from the sky and whatever ascends to it, and He is with you wherever you may be, and Allah sees best what you do."||”|
|— Qur'an 57:4|
The issue of creation in six days is mentioned in the Qur'an seven times, the first time of which is in verse fifty four of Qur'an 7 and its last time is in verse four of Sura al-Hadid. "Day" in these verses does not mean a normal day in this world, but it suggests a "period", whether it be short or long, even if it takes millions of years.
Qard al-Hasana Verse
|“||Who is it that will lend Allah a good loan, that He may multiply it for him and [that] there may be a noble reward for him?||”|
|— Qur'an 57:11|
In this verse, giving in the way of God has been mentioned as "to lend Allah a good loan" in order to encourage people toward it. "Lending Allah a good loan" includes any kind of giving in His way and one of its important examples is assisting the Prophet (s) and Imams (a), so that they use it in necessary cases for administration of the Islamic government. It is mentioned in the words of Imam 'Ali (a) that God does not ask your assistance out of humility, neither has He asked you for loan to make up for His defect.
Stories and Historical Reports
Invitations of Prophets (a): invitation of Noah (a), Abraham (a), and other prophets (a) to monotheism, sending other prophets, the prophethood of Jesus (a) son of Mary (a) and revealing the Gospel to him (verses 26 – 27).
Merits and Benefits
It is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Hadid, it is upon God to keep him away from the punishment of the hell and give him blessings in the paradise and if a person is imprisoned and regularly recites this sura, he would be released. Also, it is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Hadid will be considered among those who believed in God and His Prophet (s).
It is transmitted from Imam al-Baqir (a) that whoever recites Musabbihat suras before going to sleep, would not die unless he meets Imam al-Mahdi (a) and if he dies soon, he will be a neighbor of the Prophet (s) in the next world.
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