Umm Kulthum Daughter of Prophet Muhammad (s)
- For other people named Umm Kulthum, see Umm Kulthum (disambiguation).
Umm Kulthūm bt. Muḥammad (s) (Arabic:اُمّ کُلثُوم بنت محمد) (d. Sha'ban 9/630) was the third daughter of the Holy Prophet (s) and Lady Khadija (a). She married 'Utayba b. Abu Lahab before Bi'tha and when the Sura al-Masad was revealed cursing Abu Lahab and his wife, 'Utayba divorced her by the order of his father. After the Battle of Badr, Umm Kulthum married to 'Uthman. She passed away in 9/630 and was buried in al-Baqi' cemetery.
|Name||Birth and Demise|
|Al-Qasim||d. before bi'tha|
|Abd Allah||d. before hijra|
|Ruqayya||• b. before hijra |
• d. 2 years after hijra
|Zaynab||• b. 30 years after Am al-Fil |
• d. 8 AH
|Umm Kulthum||• b. before hijra |
• 9 AH
|Ibrahim|| * b. 8 AH |
* d. 10 AH
|Fatima||• b. 5 years after bi'tha |
• d. 11 AH
Umm Kulthum has been mentioned as the second or the third daughter of the Prophet (s) and lady Khadija (a). Before Bi'tha, she married to 'Utayba b. Abu Lahab. When the Sura al-Masad was revealed and cursed Abu Lahab and his wife, 'Utayba divorced Umm Kulthum following the request of the chiefs of Quraysh including his father and married the daughter of Sa'id b. al-'As.
Marriage with 'Uthman
Umm Kulthum emigrated to Medina with her father, the Prophet (s). When her elder sister, Ruqayya passed away, Umm Kulthum married to 'Uthman. Their marriage took place in Rabi' I 3/624 after the Battle of Badr. 'Uthman had no children of her.
Umm Kulthum passed away in Sha'ban, 9/November 630 and the Prophet (s) prayed upon her body. Asma' bt. 'Umays and Safiyya bt. 'Abd al-Muttalib performed her ghusl and Imam Ali (a), al-Fadl, Usama b. Zayd, and Abu Talha al-Ansari put her into the grave and buried her. Umm 'Atiyya al-Ansari was witness to her ghusl. However, according to Ibn Athir, Umm 'Atiyya performed her ghusl.
The tomb attributed to the burial place of the daughters of the Prophet (s), Ruqayya, Umm Kulthum and Zaynab in al-Baqi' cemetery was among the tombs located north of the graves of Imams (a) buried in this cemetery and south-west of the graves of the wives of the Prophet (s), near the grave of 'Uthman b. Maz'un.
Different sources report the burial of Ruqayya and Zaynab in al-Baqi' cemetery near the grave of 'Uthman b. Maz'un, following the advice of the Prophet (s). However, there is no report about the burial location of Umm Kulthum. Only later writers including Farhad Mirza and Raf'at Pasha have mentioned that Umm Kulthum is buried beside other daughters of the Prophet (s) and have also referred to the tomb built over their graves. In the past, there was a brazen darih over their graves. Wahhabis have destroyed this tomb.
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