Al-Qasim b. Imam al-Hasan (a)
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|Al-Qasim b. Imam al-Hasan (a)|
|Name||Qasim b. al-Hasan|
|Father||Hasan b. 'Ali (a)|
|Place of Birth||Medina|
|Place(s) of Residence||Medina|
|Demise||the Day of 'Ashura|
|Place of Burial||Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala|
Qasim b. al-Hasan is the son of Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a). He was martyred in the day of 'Ashura in Karbala. On the eve of 'Ashura when Imam al-Husayn (a) asked him about his opinion about death, he answered: "It is sweeter than honey."
Al-Shaykh al-Mufid reported that he, 'Abd Allah b. al-Hasan and 'Amr b. al-Hasan were from a same mother, who was a slave woman. Maqatil al-Talibiyyin reported that he and Abu Bakr b. al-Hasan were from a same mother, though.
|Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)|
Eve of 'Ashura'
On the eve of 'Ashura', Imam al-Husayn (a) gathered his companions and delivered a lecture informing them that they all would be martyred the next day. Qasim b. al-Hasan asked his uncle, Imam al-Husayn (a), whether he would be martyred on 'Ashura'. Imam asked him, what he thought about death. He replied "Sweeter than honey." Imam responded, "Yes, you will be martyred tomorrow."
In his book, al-Luhuf, Sayyid b. Tawus reported his fight and martyrdom scene as following: "… at that moment a youngster whose face was [bright] like moon came to the battlefield and started fighting. Ibn Fudayl al-Azdi hit him on the head. His head was split and he fell on his face and shouted "O, my uncle!" al-Husayn came to him very fast and attacked the enemies like a lion. He attacked Ibn Fudayl and cut his hand from elbow as Ibn Fudayl had raised it to protect himself from the sword strike. Ibn Fudayl shouted and all the army heard him. They came to help him but trampled him to death.
Narrator says that when the dust cleared, I saw al-Husayn standing at the youngster's body and the boy was kicking his legs.
Al-Husayn said, "God curses the people who killed you. Your father and your grandfather will avenge you in the day of resurrection. By God! it is difficult for your uncle to call him but he does not answer you and if he does, it would not benefit you. By God! today is a day that your uncle's enemies are many and his companions are few.
Then he cradle the youngster and put him next to other martyrs of Banu Hashim."
Distortion of Facts
Shahid Mutahhari wrote Qasim's wedding in Karbala was an inseparable part of mourning poems and Rawza of Qasim b. al-Hassan. However, this is not reported in any reliable books. Muhaddith al-Nuri said, "The first person who write this story was Mulla Husayn Kashifi in his book Rawzat al-shuhada. The origin of this story is false and it is 100 percent false".
- The material for this article is mainly taken from قاسم بن الحسن in Farsi Wikishia.