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45th Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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This article is an introduction to the 45th Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:45th Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.

The forty-fifth supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء الخامس والأربعون من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a). The supplication has 56 sections and is also known as the "farewell to the month of Ramadan". At the beginning of the supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) mentions some divine attributes and then he salutes and farewells the month of Ramadan 20 times within 20 sections, mentioning some of its features. At the end of the supplication, there are things that God is asked to do for the supplicant.

The forty-fifth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian and Shuhud wa shinakht by Mamduhi Kirmanshahiin in Persian and in Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani and some other books in Arabic.

Contents

  • God asks for no rewards for what He gives, and He never regrets what He gives.
  • God's rewards to a servant are never in accordance with he or she does.
  • God gives His blessings to us without us deserving them and He forgives our sins out of His generosity.
  • If God gives something to us, He never reproaches us for us (or remind us of His generosity), and if He refuses to give us something, it is not out of cruelty.
  • God rewards whoever praises Him, even though he or she has learned to praise God from God Himself.
  • God is patient with people who disobey Him, and He postpones their torture until when they regret what they did.
  • God has opened for His servants a gate to forgiveness and called it "repentance" or "tawba".
  • God gives ten times of rewards for a person who does good, and if a person does evil, he or she will be published only according to the evil.
  • Fasting in the month of Ramadan is one of the most special obligations.
  • The month of Ramadan is the most distinguished month and superior to all other months, since God has revealed the Quran in this month, He has perfected people's faith in it, and called people to vigilance in Ramadan nights and He has put Laylat al-Qadr in it.
  • God has given us an advantage over other nations by the month of Ramadan.
  • If a person donates his or her property for the sake of God, they have planted a seed that grows into 7 clusters in which there are a hundred seeds, and God will increase the number for whoever He wishes to.
  • What excuse is there for a person who overlooks the gate of repentance when it is opened by God?
  • If God were not to send what He has sent from the Unseen World, then people would have no idea about it.
  • In 20 sections of the supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) salutes and farewells the month of Ramadan 20 times. The phrase "al-salam 'alayk" in Arabic both means to say hello and to farewell. Here it means the latter.
  • God has made Eid al-Fitr a day of celebration for the believers.
  • God is the most generous person to whom people turn and the most effective person on whom people rely.

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[1] Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[2] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[3] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[4] the forty-fifth supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[5] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[6]

The forty-fifth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian,[7] Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi,[8] Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[9] and some other books in Persian.

Notes

  1. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 6, p. 95-198.
  2. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 515-538.
  3. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 555-574.
  4. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 2, p. 389-432.
  5. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 89-91.
  6. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 223-234.
  7. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 7, p. 471-496.
  8. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 425-535.
  9. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 3, p. 301-336.

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.
  • Misbāḥ Yazdī, Muḥammad Taqī. Ṣahbā-yi ḥuḍūr. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Āmūzishī wa Pazhūhishī-yi Imām Khomeiniī, 1391 Sh.