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Forty-eighth Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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This article is an introduction to the Forty-eighth Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Forty-eighth Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.

The forty-eighth supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء الثامن والأربعون من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a), which he recited on Eid al-Adha and on Fridays. In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) describes the Muslims' congregations on days of Eid as signifying the greatness of Islam, asking God to bless people with His mercy and forgiveness. In this supplication, greetings have frequently been sent to the Prophet (s) and his Household (a).

Moreover, in this supplication, the leadership of the Islamic society is deemed exclusive to the Infallibles (a), although it has been seized by unjust rulers. In this supplication, the Fourth Imam of the Shia makes a number of requests from God, including the haste in the relief (faraj), immunity from calamities, generous livelihood, and forgiveness of the sins.

Doctrines

The 48th supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is a supplication recited by Imam al-Sajjad (a) on Eid al-Adha and on Fridays. The themes of the supplication include the characteristics and features of Eid al-Adha, those of Fridays, God’s special blessings on these days, and the problem of leadership in the Islamic society. Zayn al-'Abidin (a) points out that the Islamic society should be ruled and governed by an Infallible, expressing his regret over its usurpation by those who do not deserve the position.[1] In this supplication, greeting are frequently sent to Muhammad (s) and his Household. The secret behind such frequent greetings is said to be that people’s this-worldly and afterlife happiness is owed to their guidance and that no one else deserves to occupy their position.[2]

Here are the themes and doctrines of the supplication:

  • Fridays and Eid-Adha being blessed
  • The governance of the world being exclusive to God, and His praise
  • Congregation of Muslims on days of Eid as indicative of the greatness of Islam
  • Asking God for the as much good as He has given to other servants of His
  • The necessity of proper use of divine names and attributes
  • The optimal deployment of the blessings through knowledge of God
  • The Heaven and superior positions as fruits of divine grace and mercy
  • Asking God to send infinite peace and greetings to Muhammad (s) and the Household of Muhammad (s)
  • The obscenity of asking anyone but God for help
  • God's mercy being wider than His servants' sins
  • Failure to do righteous deeds and selfishness as factors in one's prayers not being heeded by God
  • God’s needlessness of humans and their need for Him
  • Asking for divine forgiveness as means for the highest degree of knowledge
  • The necessity of preparedness for the presence in the divine sanctuary
  • The hope for the intercession of the Prophet (s) and his Household (a) on Fridays
  • Similarity to the Prophet's Household as a prerequisite for their intercession
  • Confession of sins and bad deed in God's presence
  • Acknowledgement of God's wide-ranging mercy and forgiveness
  • The performance of Eid-Adha and Friday prayers to God’s saints
  • Cursing the enemies of the Prophet's Household
  • The religion as being manipulated by unjust rulers
  • Participation in oppressions of the oppressors through agreement with their deeds
  • Prayers for the haste in the relief (faraj)
  • Prayers for being included among people of monotheism and faith
  • The salvation from the divine wrath and punishment through supplications in God’s presence
  • The sorrow of being deprived of God's mercy
  • God's refusal to haste in punishing His sinful servants
  • Prayers for immunity from all sorts of calamities and catastrophes
  • Overcoming the problems in light of the divine power
  • Emancipation from throes of death by developing human perfections
  • Taking refuge from God's wrath on Fridays and Eid-Adha
  • God as the greatest support
  • Freedom from problems through supplication to God
  • Prayers for immunity from divine punishment
  • Asking God for victory
  • Asking God for mercy, forgiveness, and sufficient livelihood
  • Asking for forgiveness of one's sins
  • Prayers for protection against evils and atrocities
  • Asking for the good in what is predestined for us
  • The trust in God as being superior to self-trust.[3]

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[4], Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[5] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[6] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[7] the forty-eighth supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[8] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[9]

The forty-eighth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian,[10] Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi,[11] Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[12] in Persian.


Notes

  1. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 4, p. 223.
  2. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 4, p. 260.
  3. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 4, p. 223-267; Commentary of 48th supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, Irfan website (Persian)
  4. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 7, p. 163-242.
  5. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 611-624.
  6. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 661-680.
  7. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 2, p. 545-572.
  8. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 98-99.
  9. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 270-277.
  10. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 7, p. 557-576.
  11. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 215-267.
  12. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 3, p. 505-516.

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.