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Seventh Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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This article is an introduction to the Seventh Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Seventh Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.

The seventh supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء السابع من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a), which is recited during hardships, catastrophes, and sorrows. It points to God's power to reduce the difficulties and provide the means of life with His mercy. In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) asks God to untie the knots of life. Moreover, the Fourth Imam (a) sees all beings as subject to God's will, acknowledging that everyone is weak toward His will and that those humiliated by God cannot be helped.

The supplication is recommended to be recited in certain manners for overcoming difficulties; for example, after the Morning Prayer and between the two rises. This supplication is expounded thoroughly in such commentaries as Riyad al-salikin fi sharh-i sahifat Sayyid al-Sajidin (in Arabic) by al-Sayyid 'Ali Khan al-Madani and Diyar-i ashiqan (in Farsi) by Husayn Ansarian.

Value and Significance

The seventh supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is a supplication recited by Imam al-Sajjad (a) when he faced frustrating difficulties or tragedies or sorrows in order to reduce the hardships and sadness. In this supplication, the Fourth Imam (a) implicitly points out people's obligations in the face of tragedies as well.[1] In March 2020, after the outbreak of Covid-19 in Iran and other countries, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the supreme leader of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, recommended this supplication for the removal of the pandemic.[2]

Doctrines

Here are the doctrines of the seventh supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya:

  • God unties every knot and solves every problem
  • All beings are subject to the divine will
  • Divine mercy provides the means for life
  • Predestination by God's power
  • The inevitability of divine will
  • God as man's refuge against hardships and tragedies
  • Everyone’s weakness toward God’s will
  • Asking God for opening an outlet for relief
  • Prayer for doing obligatory actions and striving for recommended actions
  • Occurrence of everything is subject to God's will
  • He whom God has humiliated cannot be helped.[3]

Method of Recitation

In some works, a particular manner is cited for reciting the seventh supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya: it should begin on a Sunday and continue to be recited for 30 days. It is recited 10 times every day, and after its recitation, the dhikr “ya rabb, ya rabb” (O Lord, O Lord) should be recited until one goes out of breath. And then one prostrates in order to make his request from God. It is also recommended that prior to its recitation, salawat be recited 10 times, and before and after the supplication, “Ya Allah” be recited 40 times. In this practice, it is recommended that that the supplication be recited between the two rises and after the Morning Prayer; moreover, in this 30-day period, forbidden actions and excessive eating should be avoided. It is also necessary to have tahara, to sit toward the qibla, and have a presence of heart.[4]

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya[5] and Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[6] the seventh supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.[7]

The seventh supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian,[8] and Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi in Persian.[9].

Notes

  1. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 1, p. 425.
  2. The Du'a which is recommended by Ayatullah Khamenei during the outbreak of Covid 19 pandemic (Persian)
  3. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 4, p. 103-224.
  4. Akbarī Sāwujī, Āb-i ḥayāt, order 186.
  5. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 135-141.
  6. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 2, p. 301-325.
  7. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 32-33.
  8. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 4, p. 103-224.
  9. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 1, p. 425-435.

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Diyār-i āshiqān; jāmiʿ-i Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1371 Sh.
  • Akbarī Sāwujī, Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āb-i ḥayāt. Qom: Qāʾim-i Āl-i Muḥammad, 1392 Sh.
  • The Du'a which is recommended by Ayatullah Khamenei during the outbreak of Covid 19 pandemic (Persian). visited 2021/5/17.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa al-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfiyya, 1407 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1409 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Ḥasan. Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ-i Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Introduced by Āyatullāh Jawādī Āmulī. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 Sh.