Priority: c, Quality: b
Without infobox

Nineteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is an introduction to the Nineteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Nineteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.

The nineteenth supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء التاسع عشر من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication recited for rain after drought. In this supplication, Zayn al-‘Abidin (a) points to the benefits of rain for people, features of useful rains, analogies of winds and rains as symbols of the rise of creatures on the day of resurrection, expressing gratitude for rain as a divine blessing.

This supplication is expounded thoroughly in such commentaries as Riyad al-salikin (in Arabic) by al-Sayyid 'Ali Khan al-Madani and Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian and Shuhud wa shinakht by Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahid (in Farsi).

Doctrines

The nineteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is a supplication recited by Imam al-Sajjad (a) when he asked God for rains after droughts. In this supplication, the Fourth Imam points to the features of useful rains as well as the benefits of rains for people. Here are the doctrines of this supplication within seven sections[1]:

  • Praying for abundant rains
  • Features of useful rains
  • Rains as reviving the dead earth
  • Rain as putting an end to droughts
  • Rain as leading to deflation of prices
  • Punishment by rains
  • Asking for livelihood through the blessings of the heaven and the earth
  • Rain as divine mercy
  • Winds and rains as symbols of the rise of creatures on the day of resurrection.[2]

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[3], Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[4] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[5] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[6] the nineteenth supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[7] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[8]

The nineteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian,[9] Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi,[10] Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[11] and some other books in Persian.

Notes

  1. Translation and commentary of Nineteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya (Persian)
  2. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 6, p. 109-171; Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 178-198.
  3. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 3, p. 229-254.
  4. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 241-245.
  5. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 227-234.
  6. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 1, p. 417-430.
  7. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 45-47.
  8. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 108-110.
  9. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 6, p. 109-171.
  10. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 176-198.
  11. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 2 p. 195-214.

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.